There is a common idea that is in existence between the southern and the northern communities of the US. This idea is brought about by racial segregation that is a common practice in the nation. There is a high practice of segregation in services, facilities and opportunities like medical care transportation, housing, employment and education (Telles 24). There is also similar idea in the manifestation of racial segregation both in the South and in the North such as institutional separation of role, for instance before 1950s, Black units of the United Armed Forces were typically separated from white units but they were led by the white officers. However, there was a different approach given by the North and the South on expression of the racial segregation.
Additionally, there was separation of the blacks from the whites in the south and this was enhanced the new democratic government instituting a state law that encouraged racial segregation (Douglas 102). This law resulted to African-Americans being submitted to de facto second class citizenship while at the same time enforcing the white supremacy over the black (Fredrickson 277). These state laws were referred to as the Jim Crow system which became popular until the American Civil Right movement emerged.
In southern region, the races were kept in a separate locality with separate social facilities such as bars, schools, hospitals, toilet, and even separate library sections. There were also separate cinema halls and restaurants (Marx 56). The state law of the south also prohibited interracial marriage. The right to vote was also denied through introduction of the pol taxes and literacy tests but the white had the loophole on the constitution called the grandfather clause which enabled the illiterate whites and those who are unable to pay taxes to vote. The black voters were given negative treatment by the gerrymander system of electoral boundaries. The absence of home land and the denied right of voting and employment in the south is a clear evidence of the haunting of the south beyond its geographical region and this means that there was a total segregation of race in the southern (Boychuk 24).
The northern region is different from the southern region in that there was also formal segregation. Some neighborhood were squarely subjected to the blacks with minimal or no jobs opportunities to the black. The northern subjected the black to poor living conditions leading to diseases and even death (Marwick 25). However, unlike in the south, the northern blacks were forced to live within the white mans democracy with reduced fear of being enslaved. Job discrimination ended greatly in the north by a round 1930s after the formation of Congress of Industrial Organization which allowed the integration of unions (Morgan 10). Another major issue in the north was segregation of the school. Unlike in the south, this was depleted by the NAACP law suites and the northern blacks were now able to access education while integrated with the white. It is noted that the northern segregation was as a result of anti-miscegenation laws.
Since the black community were oppressed and suppressed it was very difficult to form resistance groups. Nevertheless, their rescue is seen to be brought by the various civil organizations through the civil right advocates that appealed some of the state laws that infringed on the rights of the black communities both in the south and the north.
Boychuk, Gerard W. National Health Insurance in the United States and Canada: Race, Territory, and the Roots of Difference. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2008. Internet resource.
Douglas, Davison M. Jim Crow Moves North: The Battle Over Northern School Desegregation, 1865-1954. Cambridge [u.a.: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Print.
Fredrickson, George M. Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Internet resource.