Sample Essay on the English Bill Of Rights

English Bill Of Rights

The English Bill of Rights is an Act passed by parliament of England in 16th December, 1689. It is a bill that

  • Creates separation of powers
  • Bolsters freedom of speech
  • Enhances democracy and democratic elections and
  • Limits the powers of the queen and the king

After a glorious revolution in England, Mary and William had already agreed to accept the Bill of Rights even before they were sworn in as king and queen of England.

The English Bill of Rights comes with different provisions including

The bill states that the king or queen’s crown should not have any interference with the law. The king and the king cannot establish any courts of law on their own and can never act as a judge.

The bill states that the crown cannot be used to create new taxes without Parliament’s approval. An act must be passed by the sitting Parliament for any new tax to be created.

The English Bill of Rights states that Parliament can sign a petition for the crown to do something without any fear that the crown might retaliate against them.

The fourth provision of the English Bill of Rights states that there is no army that can be kept during peace without full consent of parliament.

The bill also states that people have the right to bear arms as long as the law allows. This is and was an important provision of the bill of rights because at the time the bill was created; only Catholics were allowed to have arms. It is also a provision that abolished the same law and allowed both Protestants and Catholics to bear arms.

The sixth provision of the bill states that the crown will not or may not interfere in election process


The English Bill of Rights also guarantees freedom of speech. It guarantees freedom during proceedings in parliament and such proceedings may not be retaliated against outside parliament.

The eight provisions of the bill states that someone may not be convicted or fined

The night provision states that there should be no excessive bail, unusual or cruel punishments imposed on anyone found guilty of an offense

These were the major provisions of the English Bill of Rights. They favored the royalties as well as the people of England. Additionally, there were other minor provisions of the bill including barring the Roman Catholics from the throne.

The king and queen were also thereafter, required to sign an oath before taking to the throne. The oath was to maintain the protestant religion.

The English Bill of Rights and its use in Modern day

  • The English Bill of Rights is constantly used in legal proceedings in the Commonwealth. Even so, it is constantly changed to suit the proceedings of the day.
  • The Bill’s protections today can be compared to the protections in the U.S Constitution including the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 8th Amendments in the English Bill of Rights.
  • The Bill helps to ensure that those in power do not misuse their authority. It also helps normal citizens to enjoy freedom of speech and to exercise their democratic rights.

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