The Theories of Cesare Beccaria, Cesare Lombroso, and Jeremy Bentham
Bentham theory enhances maximum happiness for the public by using penalties to prevent crimes. According to Bentham, individuals have the right to make a decision on whether something is right or wrong. He adds that the only way to embrace justice is to stop individuals from making bad choices.
In such cases, punishments were essential to hinder the crime activities from happening again. Furthermore, this theory is effective to matters that apply to criminal justice because it enhances satisfaction among the public. Penalty may be a barrier to achieve this objective because the offender will not be happy. In his theory Beccaria claimed that criminology was not related to the evil of a person. Based on his views, it was vital for judges to impose penalties by strictly obeying the laws.
He further adds that no individual is guilty until the judge has passed a sentence. Beccaria reveals that an offender should only be punished depending on the seriousness of the crime. To him, punishments are granted to create a long impression to potential criminals concerning consequences of their mistakes (Pollock, 55).
Analyzing the two theories by Bentham and Beccaria, it is clear that their motives was to show how the events derive pleasure and causes pain. Considering Beccaria‘s claim, it is crucial that before the Judges grant punishment to offenders, they should be sure of crime. Based on Cesare Lombroso’s theory, he argues that physical evidence is important to distinguish between a criminal and an innocent person. Furthermore, he asserts that the mind of a criminal is lower contrasted to that of a primitive individual. In essence, judgment that is related to physical traits is not an effective form of granting justice. For instance, when a person has long nose, it does not guarantee that he is an offender.
Pollock, Joycelyn M. Crime and Justice in America: An Introduction to Criminal Justice. Burlington: Elsevier Science, 2008. Print.
Cavadino, Michael, and James Dignan. The Penal System: An Introduction. London [u.a.: SAGE, 2002. Print.
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