Sample Ethics Paper on Values and Code of Ethics

Every person has values that he or she strongly believes in hence strive to live by in life. These morals help us to make sense of the world around us and influence how we interpret future scenarios. The ability to make something positive out of a negative situation is what sets apart individuals whether in a corporate or social setting.  A person may possess different kinds of values, and some of them are essential for success in a corporate environment.

For most leaders, success is measured by their ability to evaluate positive and negative situations and come up with appropriate responses. Patterson, Goens & Reed (2009) contend that leaders need to listen to a broad range of voices, not from only their supporters but also from their critics to build a broad picture of the reality. It is inevitable for leaders to encounter adversity and the capacity of these persons to respond successfully is partly influenced by their accrued experiences. Accordingly, a leader’s resilience is attributed to his or her values, which consist of three levels, which include ethical, educational, and personal. All these types of values are critical to a leader’s efficacy in handling day-to-day issues in their organizations.

Personality influences leadership. An individual’s personality is influenced by his or her inherent attitudes and perceptions. Seaward (2017) argues that personality is made up of values, attitudes, and behaviors. Values are theoretical concepts that we adopt at a young age by imitating figures of authority, including parents, siblings, teachers, and other prominent people from whom we seek to love and approval. Seaward posits that findings by Milton Rokeach in 1972 show a hierarchy comprising of two levels: a first and second tier of values. The first level values are described as instrumental values, which are central to the significance of a person. Similarly, the second layer values are termed as terminal values, and they provide a supporting role to an individual’s fundamental values.

For individuals to develop leadership skills, they must demonstrate that they take responsibility for the decisions that they make. A critical factor in the decision-making process is the set of values that a leader upholds. Joyaux (2001) states that there exist seven steps in the determination of values. These include prized and cherished, publicly affirmed, available alternatives, chosen intelligently, chosen freely, action, and repeated action. In an organizational context, it is vital that both its internal and external relations are founded on shared values. Since an organization is essentially a community, these shared beliefs that bring them together should not be negotiable.

Groups within an organization are created when people meet through common interest or a common purpose. For these groups to operate smoothly, there must be harmony and unanimity of purpose and action (Joyaux, 2001). A group’s ideals are made up of two parts: values that reflect the group’s undertaking and the beliefs that regulate group interaction, members’ conduct and activities, and the institution’s operations. Essentially, values provide a structure that controls the activities and decisions of a group.

Indeed, a person is defined by a set of unconditional values and principles that influences his or her choices and behavior. When people decide to join a group, they must be consensus on the group’s values, or else the group will not meet its objectives. Disharmony often arises when a group fails to express its values, and in an organizational setting, the lack of unity can affect decision-making and productivity.




Joyaux, P. S. (2001). Strategic fund development: Building profitable relationships that last. Gaithersburg, MD: Jones and Bartlett Learning.

Patterson, L. J., Goens, A. G., & Reed, E. D. (2009). Resilient leadership for turbulent times: A guide to thriving in the face of adversity. Plymouth, UK: Rowman and Littlefield Education.

Seaward, L. B. (2017). Managing stress. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.