Sample Geology Essays on Water Quality in Burkina Faso

Water Quality in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked West African country situated in the Sahel region. It borders Togo, Ghana and Ivory Coast and has an area of 274,000 square meters. The country’s terrain is mainly flat with some undulating areas. It is noted that the country is the sources of some rivers such as White Volta (Nakambé), Red Volta (Nazinon) and the Black Volta (Monhoun) with the Black Volta being the only perennial river (British Geological Survey 1). The country’s arid climate encompasses irregular rainfalls which makes the country to be prone to draughts especially in its northern regions. Of some importance is the country’s geology which comprises of (Precambrian) crystalline rocks made of metamorphosed sediments, intrusive granite and meta-igneous rocks.

The country’s groundwater quality has been given priority especially in the research field. However, from available data, the ground water is typically fresh. The water encompasses a Ca-Mg-HCO3-dominant type of water. It is however noted that pollution continues to be a big problem to the quality of underground water (British Geological Survey 2). Some of the identified pollutants include nitrate in shallow groundwater sources, arsenic and fluoride elements. It is noted that the quality of underground water is influenced by the distance of aquifers from the surface of the earth with shallow aquifers being more prone to pollutions than those which are situated deep into the ground. However, due to the country’s low prioritization of the study of the quality of its underground water, few studies with specific data on some of the pollutants have been done (British Geological Survey 2). The article’s finding is that the country’s underground water is safe for consumption albeit with the presence of few pollutants. It is recommend that the country carries more research on the quality of its underground water.

 

 

Work Cited

British Geological Survey. Groundwater Quality: Burkina Faso. Natural Environment Research Council, 2002.