Sample Geology Paper on The Anthropocene Era

Sample Geology Paper on The Anthropocene Era

In reference to the biological as well as ecological school of thought, extinction means the dying out of creatures or organisms that are considered as species.  According to Dukes, Paul the author of Minutes to Midnight: History and the Anthropocene Era from approximately four billion species that have gone extinct over the last 3.5 billion the singular significant cause of their demise has been nature itself. The changes that bring in unfavorable selection stresses for instance upsurge in predators; decrease of prey; natural as well as anthropogenic environmental dilapidation; intra-species and other species competition are highlighted as the highest causes of extinction. However, there has been a paradigm change the era experienced today seems to be more determined by humans than nature species around the world are now under threat from man than from nature, the changes seen environmentally such as global warming are a result of human activity. The influence human beings have on their surroundings are highly significant and cannot be ignored; subsequently, underlying previous ideas about Anthropocene era as a growing fact. This paper by using several examples supports Andy Revkin assumptions suggesting that human beings the dominant agent for global change.

Humans similar to any other animal species on earth have had to deal with a number of issues that, though has not threated the extinction of man, have increased the death rate in either the marginalized of children. Currently these numbers are at an all-time low, children are accessing clean water and food more often than not, communication is currently taking aa global reach suggesting that man currently is more informed of his surrounding than ever plus the number of innovations seen today are  majorly based on making life easier to man. In the process, what has not been highlighted by many is the effect that has taken place in the world to chive this high levels of sophistication.  According to Bonneuil (45), the human influence to the earth are diverse, multifaceted, regularly grow at an exponential rate, as well as global in nature. He continues by stating that man has in the process of finding or reaching his objective affected all earthly components ranging from land, coasts, the atmosphere as well as other water bodies in a unprecedented manner triggering issues such as global warning that threaten the existence of other species life. From the above information, it is clear that man is playing a significant role in determining the future state of the world consequently supporting the hypothesis of an Anthropocene ethos.

From the aforementioned information, it stands without doubt that human action will affect the future of species; nonetheless, there is evidence suggesting that the effect of man’s action is already being witnessed through mass extinction. In reference to Charles Dwain’s theory of speciation, which states that, small changes on a long-term basis constitute to significant evolutionary impacts, the researches being presented on mass extinctions such as that of Schwägerl, Christian (121) showing approximately 15 to 40% marine species disappeared is far from natural selection. Human beings wince the industrial revolution in 1784 has gradually changed the environment and in the process, we do not need to wait for the future to confirm human domination; currently it is already being witnessed. Andy Revkin highlighted this factor as a forthcoming event; however, it only took eight years to witness what he though future scientist would document about when he published his first book.

The biggest critic against the premise of the Anthropocene era as presented by Andy Revkin and Paul J. Crutzen is the fact that its first origins did not manifest from the field of Stratigraphy. It should be noted that stratigraphers presented ages such as Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, as well as the Holocene eras after a major event such as the ice age had already taken place. The evidence of change in this kind of setting was without doubt; however, Anthropocene was presented as an event that would be noted by future scientists on the basis that it is was happening or would be significant enough to hit the headlines in the future. This would then not provide concrete evidence about the age mammals as stated by Hamilton, François and Christophe. Nonetheless, there are tangible evidences that humans are changing the environment and causing significant change that warrant the acceptance of global attention.  For example, the air found in the trapped in the polar ice core), the effects of the use of carbon fossil fuels during the industrial revolution (Dukes 74)

In conclusion, the journal article written by Andy Revkin caters to answer a number of questions an individual would have in reference to accepting the existence of the Anthropocene era as a fact. The Author uses a number of events to show that the premise of a mammal dominated environment from the genesis of the word to the facts about human survival that show how human beings have used the resources around them to determine their future. In the process, issues such as mass extinction as well as climatic changes in form of global warming have been heighted as consequences of man’s past actions all this leading to the support of Mr. Revkin premise.

 

Works Cited

Bonneuil, Christophe. Shock of the Anthropocene: The Earth, History and Us. Place of publication not identified: Verso, 2017. Print.

Dukes, Paul. Minutes to Midnight: History and the Anthropocene Era from 1763. London: Anthem Press, 2011. Print.

Hamilton, Clive, François Gemenne, and Christophe Bonneuil, eds. The anthropocene and the global environmental crisis: rethinking modernity in a new epoch. Routledge, 2015.

Schwägerl, Christian. The Anthropocene: The Human Era and How It Shapes Our Planet. , 2014. Print.