Sample Geology Project Report on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA

Our focus was on the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) as the regulation and water quality was the environmental issue. Senator Henry M. Jackson came up with the NEPA bill in 1968. Jackson thought to draft of the bill because he had witnessed several fights over huge federal public works projects in Arizona and the Colorado River Basins. The senator believed that as a nation, the United States needed a way to guarantee that the federal government would not end up harming the environment when it went worked with bulldozers. The negative environmental impact that various government agencies had caused motivated the bill. The rationale for passing the legislation was to establish a national policy on the environment, authorize expanded research and understanding of America’s resources, environment, and human ecology, as well as establish a properly staffed Council of Environmental Quality Advisors in the Office of the President. Lawmakers have amended the legislation severally. For instance, in 2017, President Trump signed an executive order to expedite environmental reviews and approvals that would fast-track efforts to fix the roadways and bridges of the nation. Upon being signed into law, the legislation affected builders and planners in Iowa since it provided the public with facts that builders and planners must disclose, gave the power to the people by allowing them to have a voice on environment-related issues, and provided decision makers with information that would have been originally avoided.

Both the NEPA and Water Quality Act of 1965 has helped the U.S. to protect and ensure the excellent quality of surface and ground waters. The regulation has been improved by the Clean Water Act whose objective is to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of America’s waters. It achieves its mandate by preventing point and nonpoint pollution sources, assisting publicly owned treatment works to improve wastewater treatment and maintaining the integrity of wetlands. One of the ways to regulate water quality is the provision of federal government grants for education and other organizations that can help to monitor water quality and decrease water pollution. Moreover, the federal government can impose fines of up to $50,000 to individuals who pollute water.

Essentially, land degradation and transformation and climate change are the two global environmental concerns facing the world today. Land degradation and transformation involves the use of pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers among other chemicals that pollute water thus reduce its quality. NEPA influences climate change because it stresses environmental conservation and assessment by prohibiting practices such as logging and deforestation thereby reducing the level of carbon soil released into the atmosphere, which then causes climate change. A solution to climate change is adopting renewable energy, such as solar and wind energy. Doing so might reduce the carbon emission levels into the atmosphere and gradually help to slow down the climate change. Adopting renewable energy will reduce the need for humans to burn fossil fuels, which raise the levels of carbon emissions into the atmosphere. To implement the solution, government agencies around the world must formulate policies that insist on the use of renewable energy rather than fossil fuels.

I handled the “Let’s Bring Everything Together” part of the project. I identified climate change and land degradation and transformation as the environmental concerns facing the world today. Consequently, the group learned the interventions that ought to be implemented to save the global environment. From this project, I learned that climate change is one of the greatest environmental concerns that are far from being addressed. When it comes to addressing problems related to the environment, every person has a role to play. Undoubtedly, the responsibility must not be left to government agencies only.