Sample Healthcare Paper on Epidemiology and Vaccine Hesitancy

Epidemiology and Vaccine Hesitancy

Vaccines have for a very long term been important in public health intervention in combating infectious diseases in the 20th century across the globe. Increased immunization against known infections conditions has resulted in reduced morbidity and mortality rates. Moreover, vaccines effectively reduce the cost of health seeking tendencies. The most prominent vaccines include smallpox, measles, varicella, diphtheria, polio, and pertussis. However, recent trends by parents’ hesitation in taking children for immunization are continually decreasing thus reducing the efficiency of disease prevention measures and exposure of children to the risk of contracting vaccine-preventable conditions.

Vaccine hesitancy is attributed to the sociocultural changes that affect the trust levels for manufacturing bodies by service users. There is a growing trend of mistrust on industrial chemical production with perceived adverse health outcomes on users. Elsewhere, individuals are beginning to adopt different forms of treatment such as natural treatment fueling vaccine hesitancy. The growing preference for natural products and alternative medication has led to increased resistance to immunization (Larson H, 2018). The efficiency of vaccination relies on physicians’ ability to convince parents of the need for treatment. However, some parents are casting doubts on the efficacy of vaccines causing the reduced number of service users.

Vaccines have been successful in promoting public health. However, the challenge lies in maintaining public confidence which has affected the risk perception and the decision making for caregivers. Emerging compression bias is causing over-estimation of the frequency of rare risk associated with vaccines (Larson H, 2018). The ambiguity aversion has led to the position of parents favoring known risks of certain diseases opposed to the unknown dangers of vaccination causing parents to prefer errors of omission than errors of commission. Such heuristics have contributed to the decreasing public confidence in vaccines.



Larson H, e. (2018). The globalization of risk and risk perception: why we need a new model of risk communication for vaccines. – PubMed – NCBI. Retrieved from