Genomic information is essential in determining factors such as the risk of genetic diseases, ancestral relationships between people, and understanding genetic mutations. The increased fame associated with consumer genomic companies has contributed to increased risks of the use of people’s genetic information in DNA studies in collaboration with for-profit companies. While the laymen may not benefit from the use of their DNA in such studies, consumer genetic companies continue to make money using this data (Hoyt & Yoshihashi, 2014). The laws that govern genetic privacy are not very specific and may allow the use of laymen genetic information in unlawful methods such as through hacking of systems or unauthorized access of people’s data from the databases.
Some of the effects of having personal genomic information in the hands of non-experts include the risk forwarding the data to law enforcers or courts under subpoena. Targeting these companies by law enforcers can be considered as a breach of a people’s privacy. Non-experts can offer people’s genetic information for illegal studies aimed at creating bioweapons. Changes in company ownership can lead to placing the genetic codes of people in the hands of criminals (Hoyt & Yoshihashi, 2014). Non-experts may also fail to effectively provide adequate protection for people’s genetic data (Alzu’bi, Zhou, & Watzlaf, 2014). Laymen handed their genetic information can be offered pre-genetic testing counseling to ensure they understand the importance of their material.
Professional positions in this area include statistical genetic analysts. The mission of the business would be to use genetics data in researching possible treatment options for chronic illnesses. The job description of the individuals would include reviewing health records, determining those that relate to genetic diseases and identification of genetic patterns among patients and using the evidence in drug development and tests.
Alzu’bi, A., Zhou, L., & Watzlaf, V. (2014). Personal Genomic Information Management and Personalized Medicine: Challenges, Current Solutions, and Roles of HIM Professionals. Perspectives in Health Information Management, 11(Spring), 1c. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3995490/.
Hoyt, R. E., & Yoshihashi, A. K. (2014). Health Informatics: Practical Guide for Healthcare and Information Technology Professionals (Sixth Edition). Lulu.com.