- Malaria is a serious disease that is caused by the Plasmodium parasite and is released into the bloodstream through the bite of an Anopheles mosquito.
- People suffering from malaria often experience fever and chills.
- According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 216 million cases of malaria were registered worldwide in 2016. Moreover, CDC statistics show that 445,000 people died the same out of malaria, mostly children (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018).
Background of the Problem
- Malaria is defined as a vector-borne disease, primarily caused by a parasitic single-celled micro-organism that belongs to plasmodium groups, such as Plasmodium falciparum.
- It majorly affects human beings and other animals. Moreover, increased cases of malaria are in environments experiencing greater rainfall.
- The disease is majorly transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito.
- The mosquito bite often aids in the introduction of the Plasmodium parasite from the mosquito’s saliva into the human blood. As such, these parasites get to travel to the human body organs, majorly to the liver. Here, the parasites get to mature and reproduce.
- Considering the prevention of the disease, on a primary level, I can educate people about health and safety habits, and advocate for immunization against infectious disease.
- For secondary prevention, I can advocate for regular screening tests to detect the disease at its earlier stages, and a low dose of aspirins as well as exercise programs to prevent heart attacks.
- Regarding tertiary prevention, I can advocate for chronic disease management programs (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018).
Who Are Affected?
- Populations such as children, pregnant women, and HIV and AIDS patients are at a higher risk of contracting and developing the disease than others.
- It is because they are perceived to have a weak immune system.
Factors Contributing to The Emergence of Infectious Disease
The emergence of the infectious disease depends on various factors including:
- Ambient temperatures
- The use of shared needles or syringes
- Blood transfusion
- Organ transplant
Implications of Malaria on Primary Care
- Absenteeism of healthcare workers.
- Increased health care spending.
- Decreased productivity within the health facilities (Institute for Work and Health, 2015)
Implications of Malaria on the Local and Global Communities
- The disease strains national economies, as such impacting some nations’ gross domestic product by approximately 6%.
- Malaria discourages investments and tourism as it usually reduces labor productivity.
- Also, many households lose 25% of their income on the disease (Institute for Work and Health, 2015).
Utilization of Evidence-Based Practice to Mitigate the Spread of the Disease
- The advancing research and clinical practice through close collaboration model can play a key role in the mitigation of the malaria disease process. The model entails the spirit of inquiry, collecting data and critically appraising, integrating the best evidence with clinical expertise and patient preferences, as well as evaluating and disseminating practice change outcomes.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, May 03). Malaria’s Impact Worldwide. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/malaria/malaria_worldwide/impact.html
Institute for Work and Health. (2015, April). Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. Retrieved from https://www.iwh.on.ca/what-researchers-mean-by/primary-secondary-and-tertiary-prevention