Sample Healthcare Paper on motivational narration and academic narration during “Wait Time”

Your version of the lesson plan, which you will download in 2.6 Planning “Wait Time,” with all five engagement techniques scripted


Introduction to Engagement Techniques

We’ve all seen the look on our friends’, children’s, siblings’, and students’ faces when they are excited, concentrating, and thinking—that’s the look of engagement, and it is thrilling!  There are a variety of ways for a teacher to engage students in her classroom, ranging from the way she presents content (e.g., video or seminars) to building individual relationships with students. Whatever the way in which a teacher works to engage her students, however, the benefits are plentiful. This module will focus on five engagement techniques to be used after posing a question to the class. In each session of the online work, you will learn about one of these techniques from Doug Lemov, a former teacher, co-founder of Uncommon Schools, and author of Teach Like a Champion 2.0. You will then get the chance to read about the technique and see it in action. Below are the five engagement techniques on which this module will focus:


“Wait Time”

“Cold Call”

“Call and Response”

“Everybody Writes”

“Turn and Talk”

Session Objectives


The teacher will distinguish between motivational narration and academic narration during “Wait Time”

The teacher will write motivational narration and academic narration during “Wait Time” into a lesson plan

Key Ideas


Teachers who use “Wait Time” wait a few strategic seconds between asking a question and calling on a student for the answer

In addition to offering silent “Wait Time,” the most effective practitioners of this strategy often narrate “Wait Time” to increase participation (motivational narration) or to cue students to take actions that will help them to get the answer (academic narration)

Wait Time”

Jump-start your learning about “Wait Time” by reading the technique’s one-pager. Then, if you wish, dive deeper into the technique by exploring the optional additional readings on “Wait Time.”


“Wait Time” One-Pager

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“Wait Time”

As you have already learned, “Wait Time” is the pause teachers provide between asking a question and accepting student answers. Doug Lemov writes in Teach Like a Champion (2010) that “narration of the interim period during ‘Wait Time’… [incentivizes] and [reinforces] the specific behaviors that will be most productive to students during that time” (p. 136). As you read this one-pager on “Wait Time,” consider the following guiding questions: