Sample Healthcare Paper on Obesity


The rising number of children diagnosed with obesity raises concerns about dieting. Most countries register high numbers of children living with obesity who area below the age of sixteen years. This is a perturbing propensity that needs explanation. Several causes and effects of obesity include a lack of exercise and injurious dieting throughout the population. Kids are more prone to splurge most of their times sitting around, watching television, and playing computer games. This means that kids do not have a scheduled workout time. In addition, parents do not persuade their kids to walk to school while it is faster to drive them to the institutions of learning. Therefore, social behavior is the main causative factor to obesity for both adults and children. In modern world, obesity became an urgent problem, which is caused by the unhealthy nutrition and the lack of exercising, and it can only be solved with the collaboration of the government and community who can combine forces to fight the disease that brings forth numerous life-threatening illnesses.

The following section of the paper will focus on the causes, effects, and solutions to obesity. In so doing, some contested recommendations can be outlined to help individuals and future generations to avoid social behaviors that are more likely to cause the problem.  The three premises or argument for obesity elimination includes negative stereotypes, health complication and psychological suffering.

The first premise is negative stereotype in school, community and society in general. Obese individuals pass through a lot of emotional suffering due to use of bad language by their peers towards them. This can be seen by first looking at the causes of obese.

  1. Causes

Obesity is the gaining of weight beyond standard or normal mass for a healthy person. In measuring weight, doctors use Body Mass Index (BMI) to compare the individual’s mass to the height. This measure compares height to body mass and makes a recommendation depending on the health risk of an individual. Different individuals will be prescribed diverse measures depending on their level of damage or extent to which the fats have accumulated around the nerves and in the body tissues. The likelihood of contracting other diseases when a person is suffering from obesity is high. Some of the diseases include heart disease, cancer, obstructive sleep, osteoarthritis, and types 2 diabetes.  These diseases are challenging for the doctors because they are caused by the hormonal imbalance in the body. When the result of BMI comes to 30 and above, then an individual is considered to be obese and is required to take certain diet to regain normalcy.

  1. Eating and Intake of Calories.

Products containing a high percentage of calories are dangerous to the health of an individual. These products include fast food, sweet beverages, and various wheat products. In the United States, 14 percent of the young Americans were diagnosed with obesity. This figure has grown with time and by the year 2000, it raised to 31 percent. This came as a result of industrialization and establishment of fast food industries throughout the country which became the main stimulus of obesity (Edwards 662).  The food that we eat and most children consume includes increased sugar level. The advertisements of sweet drinks and food raised concern and attracted criticism in America in the year 2010. Parents were concerned about the future of their kids who are more likely to get lured into buying these foods due to influence through advertisements.  Many companies in the world are targeting the youth for their products and beverages that contain calories and high concentration of sugar. Legislators were tasked with finding a solution for this problem that seems to escalate with new and multinational companies entering the market. There existed a standoff between companies and legislators especially hotel owners in regards to regulations of sales of healthy food. The aim was to ban raw salt from being served to the clients. The supermarkets are not left out of this procedure because they also serve sweet beverages and deserts to the clients. Some of the products served are half cooked hence posing a health risk. Critics argue that it is due to hormones and genes that individuals become corpulent or slim. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2004 about 1,877 of calories per day were consumed by women. One of the reasons for this spike was the influence of the advertisements. To curb this behavior, the government had to come up with the regulation to guide the food producers from adding excess sugar in their products “obesity is becoming a challenge to the world (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)”.

  1. Sedentary life

The lifestyle of Americans has changed a lot due to globalization and increased use of technology. Most of the household chores that used to be carried out manually are now performed by the machines. Some examples can be the washing of clothes and farming. There are machines that do all the work, making humans less occupied. Therefore, people move less, which caused the accumulation of excess fat in the body which ends up being deposited in the stomach areas and in the walls of the heart. This may end up affecting the functionality of the heart in pumping blood to all parts of the body. The social and cultural behaviors prevalent in the community are eventually transferred and copied by the youth (Food Research and Action Center). Playing and watching television for long hours also increases chances obesity problems for children. This infers that individuals who spend fewer hours sleeping due to watching television or playing computer games will become obese faster. The study was carried out by professor Cappuccio who found out that obesity is directly related to sleep reduction. For children under the age of five, however, obesity levels can be measured and regulated to avert negative effects. “Children living with obesity needs to be taken care of as well as watch diet (Food Research and Action Center)”.

Another reason for obesity is that children use school buses instead of getting to school by foot. This indicates that they spend less time walking or exercising. It is one of the main reasons of gaining weight for the children under ten. The exercises are important for the growth of the body as the calories are burned through natural processes. Therefore, children are encouraged to walk to school as a way of reducing the risk of obesity.

  1. Endocrine Disruptors

Another negative effect of some products is that they disrupt the normal metabolism that takes place in the body. Artificially sweetened products, especially Fructose-based food, alter the metabolism of sugar in the liver. Imbalanced diet increases accumulation of fats in various body parts. In addition, children born in a family where a parent smokes are more likely to be entangled into this problem as a result of suppressed appetite. Persistence of passive smoking for kids exposes them to lung problems that are likely to lead to weight gain (Leach 20).

Thus, the above causes show the change of behavior and adoption of a new lifestyle that is inclined towards intake of sweet products. There is also a lack of proper exercising on the side of the younger generation who are below eighteen. With this trend in place, the world and the United States in particular will experience growing health problems of the citizens in the future as most of the individuals will be unfit to work and build the nation. A lot of money is spent on the medical expenses for the ill people, hence making them bankrupt within a short period of time. Families suffer financially as they struggle to meet the medical expenses of their relatives. Better-off families may be rendered poor because of the consistent health expenses, hence making it an urgent issue for the government and stakeholders in the health sector (World Health Organization).

The second premise is about health complication which is connected to the way people use and apply food in their lives. Some of the effects of food intake can be seen through medical reports provided in hospital for patients. In other circumstances, individual’s health is at risk where they contact other diseases due to their status. We fist focus on the effects of obese to evaluate health complication.

  1. Effects

There are many effects attributed to obesity and unhealthy living as it is a common lifestyle for many Americans. The effects range from physical look to social perception of the obese people. In many instances, obese individuals are segregated by their peers and are looked down upon as lazy. This affects their relationships and social life. These effects are outlined below.

  1. Psychological effects

Overweight children are often isolated by some of their peers. Some family members also insult them for not taking care of their diet.  This affects their interaction with people within their surrounding as they feel unworthy and have low self-esteem. Obese children often need more  time while carrying out the chores and other routine tasks. Some members get impatient with the pace at which obese children perform their duties, hence putting pressure on them (Natale, Chang, and Messiah 340).  The social and cultural setting in the American society tends to portray slim bodies as a standard of beauty. The individuals who live with obese people feel segregated and unappreciated by the community and avoid public places as they will be scorned and ridiculed. Children develop conservative behaviors that lead them to the reservation. At school, these individuals will tend to isolate themselves from the rest by not participating in most activities. When other children are playing in the field or having a conversation, obese kids will retrieve and move to the secluded places. This is detrimental to their psychological welfare as they are unable to concentrate and build their private and career life in a good manner. Fear also comes in as they are bullied by the peers both in the class and outside the school (Pinkney 200).

  1. High Risk of Diabetes

Losing weight for a child may proof to be a challenging endeavor to avert as one approach the maturity age. Most kids gain even more weight as they become older; therefore, their obesity is most likely to escalate risks of diabetes. Diabetes is a prevalent problem for obese children and if the situation is not improved at a young age, the children will be diabetic at the old age. Some diabetics also have a high risk of cancer, which one of the most common causes of death in the world. If an individual suffers from cancer, he or she is not able to function and work in a normal manner due to various complications that the disease entails. Moreover, the disease requires large amounts of money because the medicine is expensive and highly demanded. Some people have drained all their savings after the financing of the treatment (Scherer 50).

  1. Negative Stereotypes

There is a negative stereotyping in schools and in the community that is geared at hurting obese individuals. Children between the age of five and twelve are learning about the surrounding and their body. Therefore, they are more concerned about the image and their body. This implies that they are conscious of their look in an attempt to please other people. This perception is also intertwined with the public stereotypes aired through television and other social platforms. People with big amounts of body fat are seen as lazy or careless individuals. The same is applied to children at the young age and obese kids who are perceived to be idle.  Fashion trends and advertisement in the country will also affect the way children treat corpulent peers.

  1. Joint and bone problems

As kids come into their adolescent stage, the body undergoes lots of changes in terms of physiology and body mass. At this time, bones grow and the body requires more minerals. Therefore, some individuals suffer from low self-esteem as their peers comment on their bodies.  When the body mass increases, the bones become weaker because of the higher pressure and weight.  It makes a person venerable to fractures when one experiences minor accidents. The situation indicates that at older age an individual will not be fit to carry out heavy duties or tasks that require big energy consumption.

The third premise is about psychological suffering which emanates from scorn and stereotypes described above. To prevent psychological suffering the community must embrace obesity as a medical status. This will enhance development and adoption of healthy measures as recommended below.

  • Recommendation and solutions

To solve obesity issues in America as well as in other places in the world, the government must invest a lot of time and money in increasing awareness of the issue. This includes coming up with the programs determined to establish and control the sales and preparation of food and beverages for the kids. This can also include cuts on the sales of certain products to children within the country such as sweetened beverages (Scherer 50).

  1. Social Education and Programs

Social programs need to be in place to educate the public on the right way to go about their dieting endeavors. The community will subscribe to a healthy procedure that encourages consumption of food rich in nutrients needed for the body. This incorporates elimination of sugars and sugar substitutes for children both at home and at school. These programs should be accepted at school as curriculum so that children learn healthy behaviors. When children are growing up, they need to be equipped with these skills that are not only beneficial for their physical health but also help them increase their awareness of food. Having these programs in place, the country will reduce the level of obese by a great margin. Educating the community is also paramount because it is a part of the environment where children grow up. Thus, community’s part in finding a lasting solution to the problem of obesity is central to building a healthy society.

  1. Policies formulation

There is a gap between policy utilization or application and regulation of the same by the necessary authority. Good policies have been provided by the parliament but utilizing or applying them in real life situation becomes a challenging endeavor. This infers that all stakeholders must come together and formulate workable plans to ensure that future generations are safe. Having a high number of people with obesity in America reduces the per capita income. In expanding this point, we find that the treatment of obesity and effects of affiliated diseases result into the wastage of time and resources. The wasted money could be used in constructive projects for the community which will be of a great help to the whole country. Huge amounts of money are budgeted to conduct research in regards to healthy food and beverages. This money could be used for the development purposes if the individuals adopted a healthy lifestyle. However, the critics note that these policies will hurt the business, hence reducing the amount of money circulating in the economy.

  1. Conclusion

Obesity can be reduced through a healthy lifestyle and measures that cut on sweet products for children. The proponents of the healthy lifestyle indicate that obesity is brought about by high-fat diet, while critics stipulate that obesity is caused by the hormonal imbalance. After taking into consideration both stances, it is obvious that obesity levels can be lowered only through low-fat and low-sugar nutrition supported by the regular exercises. In regards to the negative effects associated with obesity, it is only fair for the government to invest a lot of money in training and healthy programs that will see the community abandon unhealthy living. In addition, children and adults suffer psychologically due to stereotype and perception about their status in the community. Education programs help these individuals develop plans and systems that will help eliminate or reduce fat in their bodies. Children will also be subjected to healthy diet hence reduce risk of becoming obese in their adult life as well as when they grow old.

Works Cited

Centers for disease control and prevention. “Childhood Obesity Facts | Overweight & Obesity | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 19 June 2015. Web. 9 July 2016. <>.

Edwards, Beth. “Childhood Obesity: A School-Based Approach to Increase Nutritional Knowledge and Activity Levels.” Nursing Clinics of North America 41.4 (2010): 661-669. Print.

Food Research and Action Center. “Fighting Obesity and Hunger.”Food Research & Action Center. Food Research and Action Center, 3 Feb. 2015. Web. 9 July 2016. <>.

Leach, Kathy. The Overweight Patient: A Psychological Approach to Understanding and Working with Obesity. London: Jessica Kingsley, 2010. Print.

Natale, Ruby, Catherina Chang, and Sarah Messiah. “Obesity Prevention in Young Children.” Obesity 12.2 (2016): 335-349. Print.

Pinkney, Jonathan. “Obesity and Disease: Hormones and Obesity.” Clinical Obesity in Adults and Children 22.3 (2014): 198-212. Print.

Scherer, Lauri S. Obesity. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2011. Print.

Wolin, Kathleen Y, and Jennifer M. Petrelli. Obesity. Santa Barbara: Greenwood Press, 2009. Print.

World Health Organization. “WHO. What Can Be Done to Fight the Childhood Obesity Epidemic?” WHO. World Health Organization. World Health Organization, 6 Feb. 2016. Web. 9 July 2016. <>.