Sample Healthcare Paper on Primary Health Care System Development

Primary Health Care

Primary health care (PHC) has several goals, which include effectiveness, affordability, and equity. By equity, primary health care endeavors to provide universal care and coverage according to the need that is on the ground. Similarly, by effectiveness, the primary health care aims to provide an impact that is favorable on morbidity and mortality. Equally, affordability imply a system that is suitable in terms of budgetary reach for communities and governments (Kringos, Boerma, van der Zee &Groenewegen, 2013). As such, there is need to have a health care system that incorporates the above-mentioned fundamental goals. Different communities across the globe boost a culturally diverse orientation that requires health care providers to enjoin certain fundamental services that align well with the expectations of the said communities(Kim, Farmer & Porter, 2013). In doing so, it is a requirement of primary health care providers to ensure the system in place is culturally and socially acceptable to communities. Accordingly, the system requires members of the communities in which there is primary health care to be active and primary participants in the realm of development or implementation of the system.

Besides the above, there is need to have a compatible system that resonates well with the larger system such as that of a country or region. In light of that, the primary health care system should act as a prototype geared towards the development of grander health systems. The communal health support given by various aide organizations and governments must be a unique orientation of achieving the basic health requirements of communities that are either marginalized or highly decentralized.

Many providers of primary health care have established successive community-based, urban primary health care (PHC) systems. They work in communities that are experiencing severe deprivation with high instances of maternal, child, and infant mortality rates. As such, the essential aim of designing primary health care (PHC) systems is to ensure effectiveness, equity, and affordability for communities(Kringos, Boerma, van der Zee &Groenewegen, 2013). One of the key ways of achieving the said goals for PHC is through the development and implementation of the management information system (MIS), which provides a ground for managing, planning, or evaluating the primary health care systems.

On top of that, future development of health policy must incorporate the input of different sectors in an endeavor to achieve a reduction in health care inequalities. One of the preconditions is to ensure there is accessible service for all within communities, with a bridged gap in service delivery. Aid agencies and various sectors within the national governments of different countries must develop a framework of working together at each level of practice. In that regard, it is imperative to note that, the ministry of health should not be the only agency mandated with primary health care. Other state departments such as department of sanitation, education, and housing must come in to ensure achievement of health.

Thus, to ensure improved primary health care (PHC) for people within developing countries, there must be sustainability and formulation of concrete processes and strategies, which possess clear targets on part of national governments or aid agencies. The strategies must focus on the ways of reducing inequalities more particularly when allocating resources towards primary health care(Kim, Farmer & Porter, 2013). The allocation of PHC resources must center on vertical and horizontal equity. The environment of the political system, it processes, and its values for participatory define the key factors for equitable healthcare. The political systems described by lack of democracy and other shortcomings such as violence, sex discrimination, and corruption lead to contemporary inequalities witnessed in healthcare systems and in many other social spheres.

Therefore, to ensure equal primary health care (PHC), reforms must be undertaken to address the existing myriad challenges. Reforms should include social policies, social interventions that are long-term, funding commitment, inter-sector reforms, and inclusion of trained health personnel(Kringos, Boerma, van der Zee &Groenewegen, 2013).


Kim, J. Y., Farmer, P., & Porter, M. E. (2013).Redefining global health-care delivery.The

 Lancet, 382(9897), 1060-1069.

Kringos, D. S., Boerma, W., van der Zee, J., &Groenewegen, P. (2013). Europe’s strong

primary care systems are linked to better population health but also to higher health spending. Health affairs, 32(4), 686-694.