Four Potential Psychosocial Effects of Brain Injury
There are numerous accounts that family caregivers confirm that have proved to be devastating impacts after Brain Injury. Apart from change in lifestyle evidenced by restructure of accommodation and changing employment, family caregivers also realize changes in their interactions with their family members who are suffering, as well as other people in their lives. Another notable observation is the decline in relationships with other family members due to intrusive behaviors or aggression (Falvo, 2014, p. 17).
Studies done have revealed that family members were more occupied as a result of increased responsibilities and roles following severe Traumatic Brain Injury as well as the need to provide emotional and practical support, supervise social activities, and monitor triggers to evade behavioral effects. They ended up suffering from emotional reactions that include hopelessness, grief, and loss, together with post-traumatic stress and depression. There is also the acceptance of role play when handling these individuals and attempted to understand the role of the TBI in causing them (Falvo, 2014, p. 14-31).
Some of family caregivers tend to display a negative attitude towards service supports, in particular, lack of relief care and competence of some careers while others benefit from the assistance received from professionals. This highlights the importance of continuing professional support even after many years post-injury, which may represent a key factor in maintaining the family caregivers’ capacity to provide continuing care for a relative with challenging behaviors (Falvo, 2014, p. 14-31).
Family caregivers identify the need to manage their own emotional responses to behaviors as a coping strategy. In order to achieve this, families should understand and accept the Brain Injury and its effects through self-reflection (Falvo, 2014, p. 14-31).
Falvo, D. R. (2014). Medical and Psychosocial Aspects of Chronic Illness and Disability. 5th Edition. Boston, A: Jones and Bartlett Publishers