Sample Healthcare Paper on The Increased Aging Population Will Place a Strain on the Healthcare System

The top priority for any government in the world is to provide high quality healthcare to all of it citizens regardless of their age, ethnicity or even religion.  Today people are living longer whereby most people live beyond their sixties.  Word Health Organization (2018) suggest that by the year 2050 the number of people aged above 60 years is expected to be 2 billion from the current 900 million that was recorded in 2015.   WHO (2018) filed a report indicating that the number of people living beyond 80 years is approximately 125 million as of today.  In the research I would like to see the change in care for the elderly entailing a focus in chronic disease and also an increase and recognition of nurses who offer long term care services.

Hypothesis

If the health sector and the government would increase funds in order to increase the number of health workers offering long term care to the elderly through integrating medicals services and long term care services and focusing on how the elderly can cope with chronic disease, then they would have a better longer stay because of having programs that would lead to delaying and avoiding the occurrence of illness/disease.

Tasks or Actions

First, because people above the age of 60 is the population that is susceptible to diseases there will be a need to initiate a shift in healthcare system from focusing on acute illness to chronic diseases such as Alzheimer’s, osteoporosis among others (Chiao, Weng and Boticello, 2016).  Such chronic illness would need the medical staff to focus on forging a good relationship with the patients to enable them to cope with the disease rather than curing it.  secondly the shift would initiate the formation of long term care services such as nursing homes, old day care and personal care due to the fact that these diseases leads to disabilities or morbidity(Chia et al., 2016).  Lastly a shift of this type  will lead to medical care being integrated fully to the long term care services despite the problems in financing and failure of the delivery system that US experiences( Chiao et al., 2016).

Secondly, the problem of shortage of long term care service providers such as the nurses giving personal care and home health aides should be solved.  There should be enough skilled nurses to take on the job of long term care providers from the unskilled paraprofessional or they could even work together to lower the workload.  This should go hand in hand with better wages and recognition of long term care services as one of the vision of ensuring quality care is given to the elderly.

Audience

The proposal is directed to the government, health administrators and executives who are involved in ensuring that the health sector offers quality care to the elderly.  The government should ensure that they increase the health budget that would then be used in employment of more nurses to give long term care to the elderly.   As Financing and Development (n.d.) suggest that due to the increase in older populations in rich nations, the GDP would tend to grow slowly and therefore the government would feel pressure when formulating the budget. Therefore, the government sees financing health project to the elderly as a major barrier to the growth of economy and feel that the unskilled paraprofessionals offering long term care are enough for the job overlooking the fact that they are under paid and overworked.    This claims are false since in the research I will show how a focus in the care of the elderly can lead to lower costs in health sectors being incurred by the government.  Preventing or delaying the onset of diseases or illness of the elderly can lead to reduced strains in finances that would be deviated in curing the chronic diseases that would otherwise occur incase proper interventions are not met.

Proposed Research and Discussion

The research involved adults above the age of 60 who were under study for a period of 18 years. The data used was from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging that acted as a representative sample (Knickman and Snell, 2002).  The measurements used involved the wellbeing of the individuals such as health status, psychological distress and life satisfaction.  Life satisfaction was measured using the life satisfaction index (LSI) that uses a 10- item scale as opposed to the original that uses 20 scale items (Knickman and Snell, 2002).  The main item in the LSI is the question whether the life of the elderly under study had been better than that of most people where the answers included a yes or no item (Knickman and Snell, 2002).  The level of psychological distress was also measured using a 10 item scale. The version In this case used is the Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale (Knickman and Snell, 2002).  The items were rated on a 4 scale and the responses were reversed when necessary where higher scores showed high levels of distress. Lastly the status of health in individuals was measured using the SF-36 where the rating involved use of a 1-5 scale and levels such as ‘poor’ , ‘fair’ , ‘good’ , ‘very good’ and ‘excellent’ (Knickman and Snell, 2002).

The economic strain was measured by looking if the individuals could afford their current living expenses without strains.  Levels such as 1= insufficient and 0= sufficient where insufficient meant there was strains and sufficient meant no strains was created to look at this issue (Knickman and Snell, 2002).

Graphs would be used to predict the economic problems and strains that would occur, physical health and status and overall individual wellbeing .The research results showed that the elderly people who had economic strain had poor health compared to those without and therefore this occurred due to lack of proper health care. These people lacked proper medical care and therefore they were more susceptible to illnesses.

The study should have further looked into the social economic status of the individuals to determine how this would affect their ability to access quality care due to their age because this is also a major factor.

 

Statistical Analysis

The graph 1: shows the projections in number of the elderly in different years and shows an increase in their number as the years progresses. (Knickman and Snell, 2002)

The graph 2: shows the morbidity, disability and mortality in people of different ages whereby it is high among those above the age of 60 years (Knickman and Snell, 2002). These shows that this is the population that needs more care in order to ease their burden and the financial burden that might occur due to this.

The graph 3: shows the projections in expenditure for long term care for the elderly in different years up to 2040. These shows that the amount of expenditure would increase with the increase in population of the elderly. (Knickman and Snell, 2002)

 

References

Chiao, C., Weng, L., & Botticello, A. L. (2016, June). Retrieved from

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3888093/

Finance & Development. (n.d.). Retrieved from

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2017/03/index.htm

Knickman, J. R., & Snell, E. K. (2002, August). Retrieved from

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1464018/

Health Care Financing. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.rand.org/topics/health-care-

financing.html

Ageing and health. (2018.). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-

sheets/detail/ageing-and-health