Sample Healthcare Paper on Universal Health Care

Universal Health Care


The right to health incorporates social, economic, and cultural rights, where all individuals are entitled to equitable and high-quality inclusive health care. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) became instrumental in preserving human dignity within the international law by offering a legal and moral ground for advancing standards of care to the human . Access to health care should be universal, where every individual is guaranteed affordable care without being biased. The World Health Organization (WHO) has been helpful in ensuring every individual around the globe has an access to affordable and equal health care services. The paper aims to observe the issue of health care as a human right and the WHO’s contribution to the universal health.

 Universal Health Care as Human Right

Universal health care is a human right issue because it enhances the well-being of every individual without discrimination. According to Dixon (2012), health care as a human right has been a consensus of the world as a matter of respecting human dignity. The UDHR has termed health care as a human right, where universal access, transparency, acceptability, quality, and non-discrimination, must be observed within health care facilities. Attaining universal health care necessitates a collaboration of non-state agencies and government to guarantee that every individual within a given geographical location has access to inexpensive health care services.

Human rights are privileges that are inherent to all humans, and they incorporate social, cultural, political, as well as economic rights (“Global Health Ethics,” 2017). The WHO Constitution has incorporated the right to health as an international law. Health care should be perceived as a basic human right, rather than a luxury for only individuals with the resources, or even as a means to access health care service. Every individual should enjoy both physical and health  access to medical services, hygiene, adequate food, clean surroundings, and proper housing.

WHO and its Contribution to Universal Health

World Health Organization (WHO) is one of the specialized segments of the United Nations (UN) which is responsible for organizing international health in countries that have the UN membership. WHO’s purpose is to cater for health systems, communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases, corporate services, as well as preparedness and response to disease outbreak. The WHO staff members collaborate with governments to guarantee effective health services delivery to all people.

WHO’s mission is to attain the highest level of health for all people, where the agency defines health as a condition of being physically, mentally, as well as socially fit, rather than just an absence of disease or weakness. The agency is guided by internationally recognized principles of human rights to employ ethical and evidence-based policy choices to make decisions that are consider fair by the relevant stakeholders (“Global Health Ethics,” 2017).

However, WHO has encountered numerous challenges as it endeavors to bring universal health care to countries across the world. Attaining universal health coverage is always a challenge for both rich and poor countries, as no one convinced that it  could be attained through a quick counting of the fingers.  In a world of independent states, provision of health care services in highly unequal owing to inadequate resources and opposition from various interested actors.  Lack of clear mechanisms to enhance accountability of non-state actors may hinder attempts by WHO to offer universal health care, as some countries may create hindrances for non-state actors to offer alternative health care services.


Every individual has a right to receive proper health care and well-being services which is confirmed by the law. It   should be impetus for the states to establish it as a basic human right rather than luxury. The Who is an agency guided by human rights principles, and its mission is to foster health care system so that it attains availability and quality delivered to all the people.



Dixon, V. E. (2012). Just peace theory. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, Inc.

Global Health Ethics: Key issues (2015). World Health Organization. Retrieved from