Army Material Command (AMC) provides all logistics and manpower services to the army required to carry out the long term operations until the mission is successful.
The US Army Material Command (AMC) is mainly responsible for all the Armed Forces sustainment maintenance, carry out the contractual services, provide logistic assistance to the Armed Forces. The USAMC due to its diverse tasks functions through its subordinate organizations and commands. The AMC executes the Army’s maintenance and supply program at national level through Life Cycle Management Commands (LCMCs), one of its subordinate. Deployed and deploying of forces is supported by LCMCs and it is coordinated through the Army Sustainment Command (ASC)
USAMC manages the secondary items through the National Maintenance Program that includes:
- Manage the work load of sustainment maintenance unit according to the national requirements.
- It is ensured that repair of all components are up to national standards.
- It is made sure that provider of sustainment maintenance have all the provision, fully equipped, human resource, expertise meeting the national standards.
- Quality assurance is facilitated by making sure that maintainers must use quality management system.
AMC is also the leading organization that provides contracting services to the armed forces, providing support both in institutional and operational contracts.
USAMC along with other organizations working under it, work together with the commands that are forward deployed to carry out the sustainment support and materials distribution and redistribution synchronization inside and outside of theaters. Its success depends upon:
- Accuracy of data
- Visibility of asset
- Instructions about disposition
- Accountability of property.
AMC Services to Warfighters
Army Material Command (AMC) develops and obtains the materials that soldiers require during fight in the battlefield and win comprehensively. To carry it out effectively AMC has various commands working under it, that acquires the best commodities like aircrafts, tanks, missiles, all types of equipment needed for electronic, communication and individual use for soldiers in battlefield.
The main of AMC is to provide best equipment to the soldiers so that they can give us gift of winning in every battlefield. They make sure that their warfighters are recognized to be the part of fighting force equipped best in the world. The aim of AMC is to get the system that are more destructive, long lasting, consistent so that warfighters can be helped with the best possible ways in battlefield.
Through the representative of logistic assistance who works with the army units in the field directly, AMC touches every soldier on daily basis. AMC has handled different missions that have very important applicable effects like ammunition acquired for the military services, manages all the business of multibillion dollar through equipment selling including the provision of services to US allies.
Q2: Discuss the relationship between the three levels of sustainment: strategic, operational and tactical. In your opinion, what level of sustainment is the most critical and why?
Answer: All three levels of sustainment i.e., strategic, operational and tactical require logistical planning. All are related to each other, battle service support and also affects the armed force sustainability in the war zone.
When arrangements are made for a particular plan or some critical situation, whatever the size of the force supporting is, the support has to go through the logistic system to get the needed sustainment.
Below we will discuss shortly how the three levels of sustainment works and in what ways they are related to each other.
Strategic Level supports the achievement of board objectives established in the policies of national security made by National Command Authority (NCA). The actions focused in strategic level are:
- Mobilization of industrial base.
- Support of installation base.
- Pre-positioning of stock.
- Maintenance and preparation of the equipment.
- Medication and hospitalization of personnel.
- Support taken from the host nation.
- Establishing the theater basis
- Collection of resources required.
Operational Level links the strategic level to the tactical level on the battlefield, make sure that the tactical level is successful. Operational level supports the coordinate support of the personnel from the strategic level to meet the requirements of the tactical level.
Operational level focuses:
- Establishing the communication and keep it maintained.
- Ensures force involved in operations in the theater is consistent to the commander’s strategic priorities.
- Allocation and redeployment of army units and soldiers.
- Coordination, planning, management and supervision of sustainment activities.
- Ensure to sustain the theatre stock to support the supply system.
Operational commanders at operational level must demonstrate support functions so that the tactical commanders are allowed to focus their attention more towards the tactical-level operations than operational level activities.
Tactical Level includes all functions needed to support the military activities and battle. The commander focuses on giving all the possible support needed by the using force to win the battle in the combat zone. Continuously he assesses operational support inbounded as well as any support from coalition partners or host nation. The soldiers at this level are provided with all possible supply, transportation, and health facilities along with the filed services so that they are permitted to achieve the mission planned. Tactical spontaneity solves the problem only if it is anticipated well at the strategic and operational level.
The three levels of sustainment must relate to each other to create a flawless system of support.
Most Critical Level of Sustainment:
In my opinion the most critical level of sustainment is tactical level as the success of whole planning right from the strategic level depends upon how good this level is accomplished by the units and personnel. The outcome of the mission all depends on how well that level is being utilized by the commander through his force in the battle field. So from my point of view tactical is the most critical level.