Sample History Paper on Class Culture

In his introduction for “The Enigma of Working-Class Conservatism” Jefferson gives his insights into the ideological divide between liberalism and the conservatism. Class in the first dimension includes all the political and ideological rifts present in current society and in the past. These rifts are social by design but wield economic dimensions too. The writer gives historical perspectives in an attempt to reign in on the ideologies perpetrated by the republicans and the democrats. He paints liberal leadership as one, which is careless and lacks a futuristic approach in its policies. The conservatives of the other hand consolidated ideas and strategies on how to win endorsement from and attract the working class blacks and the blue collar ranks of the labor party to form the simple majority in congress.

The current concept of class and that of the older generation are woven on different frameworks. The concept of  “Class” in within the current dynamics is knitted around cultural, religious and social interactions. In his writings the writer however agrees in part with the notion that class is a dynamic concept and that it is rationalized by economic and only partly, by socio-political factors. In the wake of the end of the industrialization period and the disbandment of unionism in the USA in 1980, the blue collar job workers mostly affiliated to the labor party moved and declared allegiance to the conservatives. Despite lacking in economic identity they still wielded cultural authority. Similarly the current crop of working class conforms to the whims of conservatism yet they do not rake in perks anywhere near what former generations earned. This brings the idea of ‘class compromise.’

The writer appreciates the power of politics, especially the presidency in restoring sanity in governance. The period between 1970 and 1979 saw the labor movement gain a lot of momentum (Jefferson , 2006). The unionists and workers organized strikes to compel the leadership to respond to their woes, mostly of economic nature. These were so rampant that they crippled major industrial and government operations. These movements influenced the legislation agenda and media headlines. The labor movement then embellished leftist ‘madness,’ which entailed forceful and wild demands to the government. The writer in his later submissions indicates that the current crop of working class cannot be compared to the leftist liberal blue-collar workers of the 1970s period, because they are within the leadership corridors directly and or indirectly. And therefore by taking on aggressive stances, they would only aid in ending their careers prematurely. Their inaction to societal issues can be attributed to the fear of reprisals by government like in those that occurred in the Reagan’s regime.

Question 1.why don’t workers have a voice?

Workers during the industrialization period used unions and other lobby groups to voice out their opinions. Due to these the umbrella effect of these collective bargaining organizations their voices were heard and often-requisite remedial action was taken. This was true until deliberate legislative and executive amendments and decree were pronounced by Reagan’s administration. This sank any hope for the unions in the USA.

Question 2 Do you think regular workers’ voices were heard back in the late 19th century?

No, the workers’ voice was not heard or if heard, no attention was paid to it. An individual voice during that period was not enough to stir any action from the leadership. This necessity is what therefore called for unionization and formation of organizations for collective bargaining.

Where would those voices be documented?

Like history, these voices are documented in the people who lived through that time and age. However manuscripts could also exist to corroborate submissions made by historians.


Jefferson , C. (2006). The Enigma of Working class conservatism. The Johns Hopkins University Press.