Sample History Paper on Impact of the American Revolution on Native Americans and Slaves

Impact of American Revolution on Native Americans and Slaves

The forces of liberty, republicanism, patriotism, and independence asserted American rights causing the Revolution. In turn, the Revolution affected the American social fabric in myriads of ways. The revolution impacted multiple aspects of America’s social, political and economic life. Although the American Revolution changed American attitudes, beliefs, and culture forever, investigating its impact on Native Americans and slaves is critical to understanding the Revolution’s background.

Outcomes of American Revolution War on Native Americans

During the American Revolution, most Indian Nations sided with the British to protect their homelands from the encroachment of American colonists and land speculators. The Royal Proclamation of 1763 restricted colonial expansion beyond the Appalachian Mountains, a decree that antagonized many American colonists. As a result, most Indian nations understood the Revolution was a struggle for Indian land and liberty.

Subsequently, a significant outcome of this situation was that many American Indian tribes participated in the war. For example, Cherokee warriors, worried by their lands’ continued loss, defied their older chiefs, and attacked colonists’ settlements. However, expeditions from Carolinas, Georgia, and Virginia soundly defeated them. In contrast, most New England Indian tribes supported their colonial neighbors, for example, those from Stockbridge’s town in western Massachusetts. Some volunteered as minutemen, enrolled in the Washington army and Boston, and served in Canada, New Jersey, and New York. As a result, the Revolution caused a rift in the Iroquois Confederacy with Mohawks under Joseph Brant supporting the British. Later, the Cayugas, Seneca, and Onondagas joined the Mohawks. However, the Tuscaroras and Oneidas side with the American revolutionaries. In time, the Revolution ignited a civil war between Native American tribes, with the Senecas and Oneidas clashing in battle at Oriskany in 1777. A significant outcome of Native Indian American participation in the Revolution was the land loss to ame4rican following the victory. This development altered their way of life, forcing them to migrate westwards. Besides that, American Revolutionaries and the British treat Native Americans poorly by including them in diplomatic negotiations.

Despite their support for the British, Native Americans lacked representation in the military and political decision-making processes. As a result, most Indian Tribes perceived an independent America as a more significant threat than colonial America. Following the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, Britain ceded all Indian lands to the west of the Mississippi to America, leaving pro-British Indians, leading to the forced relocation of Native Americans to Canada and areas beyond the Mississippi. Subsequently, more settlers’ incursion forced tribes such as the Tuscarora and Oneidas to sell their lands and move to the west. Despite the American Revolution’s achievements, native Indian groups in the west of the Appalachian Mountains remained a formidable military and security threat to the young United States.

Impacts of the American Revolution War on Slave

The American Revolution war caused unprecedented debates about the morality of the slavery institution and its compatibility with the new nation’s founding principles. Although the Revolution strife did not abolish slavery altogether, it initiated radical and gradual emancipation in northern states. Among the southern confederates, the slavery institutes suffered because the war resulted in reduced production and thousands of black slaves’ loss to the British. Although some slaveholders’ states in the south, like Virginia, emancipated their slaves after the Revolution war, slavery was still profoundly entrenched among southern states. It was the main channel of production to sustain the economy.

On the advent of the Revolutionary war in 1755, the Quakers founded the first antislavery society in Philadelphia. This became the inspiration for numerous other antislavery campaigns in America. The struggle for liberty caused some American Slaveholders to emancipate their laborers as the northern states began to adopt legislation for emancipation. For instance, New Hampshire and Massachusetts outlawed slavery through judicial processes. Pennsylvania also adopted laws outlining the gradual emancipation stipulating that children born after March 1, 1780, to mothers considered indentured servants as liberal beings when they turned 28.

The Revolutionary rhetoric of equality inspired a revolutionary generation comprising slaves and free black Americans to galvanize the antislavery movement towards the 19th century. The growing population of free blacks began to establish social institutions such as churches and schools. The blacks who associated with these institutions started to agitate for the less fortunate brothers’ manumission, and sisters still caught up in slavery rooting their arguments in the calls for natural rights and democratic principles.

Another notable outcome of the Revolutionary war was an increase in the population of the black community. However, it is critical to note that strife’s overall effect on slavery produced some adverse outcomes. For instance, in the rice-growing regions of Georgia and South Carolina, the patriot victory affirmed the influence of the master class. The uncertainties associated with slavery and legal adjustments occurring in the North and Upper South did not significantly affect whites in the Lower South. The legal restrictions introduced in 1792 further complicated the course of freeing some slaves. Consequently, as the North was finding its way out of slavery, racism was prevalent in other regions such as Massachusetts. For instance, a discriminatory law prohibited whites from legally espousing people from other races.

 

Conclusion

The revolutionary war brought about significant disruptions in American society. The spirited fight and military service of African Americans and the emancipation spirit inspired the call to abolish slavery and recognize inherent human rights. The war pressured some American slave-owners to manumit their slaves. However, some regions in the south were reluctant to revoke their stances on the slavery institution. Emancipated slaves, inspired by the revolutionary generation, began to agitate for the antislavery movement. On the other side, Native Americans, including Shawnee, Creek, Iroquois, and Cherokee, began to support the British, hoping that they would continue to restrict the land-hungry colonial settlers encroaching the west beyond the Appalachian mountains. However, the Native American tribes were ultimately displaced and pushed further west during the 19th century. On the overall, the American Revolutionary war caused massive disruptions, both positive and negative, on the social, political and social aspects of America’s society.