Terrorism in Kenya
Terrorism has risen to be a noteworthy setback to the worlds’ economy and advancement of human beings. Africa, specifically Kenya, has been adversely affected by terrorist in the past few years. The Al-Shabaab terror group has largely been connected with terrorist activities in Kenya ranging from Westgate Mall attack, Garissa University attack to the most recent Mandera Bus attack where the terror group murdered 28 peoples among them teachers. Consequently, terror threats have negatively impacted the education system in Kenya as students, staffs, teachers, and lecturers fears the occurrence of an attack targeting education institutions (Woldemichael, 2008).
The Kenyan government confirmed that terror attacks were carried out by the insurgent Al-Shabaab terror group in efforts to retaliate the “Operation Linda Nchi”, a coordinated military operation between the Kenyan and Somalian military groups.
Jaysh Al-Ayman is an insurgent terror militia allied to Al-Shabaab. It includes various Western foreign fighters and thousands of Kenyan recruits. Essentially, Kenyan classified reports indicate that Jaysh Al-Ayman, acting from Baure were responsible for killing three soldiers from Kenyan Defense Forces in Lamuon camp. The group, operating from Boni forest, was formed since year 2012 in retaliations attempts to the “Operation Linda nchi” mission of the Kenyan and Somalian militia groups. In addition, according to intelligence reports, the militia, named after its operations leader Maalim Ayman, has been termed as the most lethal terror group within the Kenyan boundaries.
The Kenyan government has been on the forefront in the fight against terrorism. Essentially, to of ensure its citizens safety, the government has imposed various counter terrorism measures such as; increase in road blocks and security checks at entrances of public places and institutions. Furthermore, the government has increased budgetary allocation to the ministry of internal security to ensure that intelligence units are properly trained and equipped among other key functions (Woldemichael, 2008). Besides intensifying patrols and construction of a perimeter wall along the Kenya- Somali boarder, the government has also increased awareness programs and created more jobs opportunities so as to avoid radicalization of the Kenyan youths into Al-Shabaab militia by radical Muslim clerics.
Woldemichael, W. (January 01, 2008). International terrorism in East Africa: The case of Kenya. Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities, 4, 1, 33-53. Retrieved from https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/100809