Sample History Paper on Tsar Alexander II: The Proclamation

Nikitenko’s report on the proclamation of independence reflects the reactions of different groups of people and the expected responses from the masters. The reactions of the serfs to the proclamation provide information about the feelings of the serfs as well as the probable feelings of their masters about the liberation (Sherman and Salisbury 593). More specifically, the reactions point to the explicit bondage to which the serfs were subjected prior to the proclamation. Responses to the proclamation’s message concerning two years of obligation clearly indicate that none of the serfs was willing to be engaged more than necessary with their masters. Expectedly, the masters would not embrace the liberation with as much comfort as the serfs did. The differential responses of the two groups of people indicate two essential customs of Russia during the liberation. For one, Russia was based on a capitalist social structure, where the serfs and peasants were considered lowly and were thus obliged to serve their masters. Secondly, the unwillingness of the serfs to continue under this obligation for a further two years indicates oppression in the system.

The history of Russia under different leaders and the constant need for liberation from different forces indicated the challenges faced by different groups of people in the country. Freedom from the oppression experienced at different times could not have been realized better than the manner in which Alexander II led to its realization (Sherman and Salisbury 586- 592). This explains the joy exhibited by the people against the backdrop of the proclamation. The Russian story not only confirms the constancy of change in the national context but also how that change contributes to social interruptions. For instance, the celebrations by the serfs following Tsar’s proclamation results in the exhibition of an important feature of Russian culture, that of social drinking. The perception created is that lack of freedom initially prevented the serfs from enjoying themselves, and the proclamation lifted a veil that had been there before.


Virtual Museum Visit

Items in any museum across the world each have significance both to the culture of the nation in which the museum exists and to the history of the world. In similar manner, the British Museum tells the story of the world history through a collection of 100 objects. Each of the objects represents a specific time in history and a specific event at that time. One of these items is the Suffragette Defaced Penny. The penny was minted in 1903 and is currently displayed among the 100 items to tell the world history (The British Museum par. 1). It was stamped with the suffragettes’ slogan ‘votes for women,’ and through it, just like in the story of the proclamation in Russia, one can understand the national history.

The suffragettes comprised of the poor, the criminals and the women, who were not allowed to vote and were denied the opportunity to have equal rights to those of the men. The objective of the suffragettes was to communicate their frustration with the oppressive system, in which they could not enjoy the right to vote. They used various methods to communicate this frustration, including through defacing small denomination coins, which were rarely recalled by banks and could thus go around. While the slogan seemed to be imploring the system to reduce oppression of women, the poor and the criminals shared in the cry of the women. The outcomes for such campaigns would be realized through gradual declaration of the rights to vote. In 1918, the People Act allowed women above 30 years of age to vote but they were still not accorded the same rights as the men (The British Museum par. 4). Through different subsequent campaigns, they were eventually accorded these rights in 1928.


Works Cited

Sherman, Dennis and Salisbury, Joyce. The west in the world, 4th Edn. Mcgraw Hill Humanities, 2010.

The British Museum. A history of the world in 100 objects. The British Museum, 2018. Retrieved from