Sample History Papers on Nat Tuner Revolution

Nat Tuner Revolution

Introduction

Nat Tuner revolution was one of the fiercest slave insurgence to have taken place in the history of the United States. The revolution played an essential role in the growth and uprising of eighteenth-century slave society. The images of the rebellion showing free black men precipitating and assassinating the white community in the Southern United States troubled the white slave owners in the South. It showed how vulnerable they were. The revolution took place in Southampton County, Virginia in August 1831 spearheaded by Nat Tuner.

Nat Turner was born in 1800 into slavery in Southampton, Virginia. His life experience was distinctively that of a slave in the southern plantations. He experienced restricted freedom, and could not be allowed to marry, own property or travel without his master’s consent like other slaves, which affected his social life. He worked for long hours and underwent several mistreatments, such as being whipped. Nat Turner was sold to different slave masters who separated him from his family members. The treatment was ruthless and disparaging, which he vowed to upheaval. His motivation was driven by the desire to gain his own freedom and the liberation of the African American from the white bondage.

 

The Revolt

When Turner was in his twenties, he turned into a spiritual leader, which made him prove to his fellow slaves and family members including his mother and grandmother that he had been chosen by God to accomplish great deeds. In his dreams, he claimed to have had different visions in which God was directing him to prepare himself for superior scuffles ahead that were against the evil ones. During the Second Great Awakening revivals, several Africans claimed to have had dreams and visions from God and believed that God was communicating to the important messages thereby making Turner’s belief was timely. The solar eclipse that occurred in February 1831 marked the moment that Turner had been waiting since he had begun preparing for the insurrection. Turner and his colleagues inferred the August 13th change color of the sky to blue-green as a final sign for their course.

Turner and his six compatriots instigated their attacks on August 22, 1831, in a strategy in which they were moving for plantation-to-plantation and assassinating all whites who were associated with slavery. This took place in Southampton, beginning with their own plantation whereby Turner’s slave master and his family were murdered. Within 24 hours, Turner and his group had carried out their operation across eleven different plantations and killing 55 whites. This action inspired many slaves who opted to join them in their course to put an end to slavery. They went ahead to the town of Jerusalem with an intention of murdering all its inhabitants. This was the moment in which all their plans were foiled. A group of heavily armed militia stopped and overpowered them who were called, gathered, and organized by the governor. Many of the Turners gang members fled into the woods and swamps and others killed.

 

Effects of Turner’s Revolt

Turner’s revolt led to the capturing and killing of all the participants of the revolt apart from Turner himself. He hid himself deep inside the wood of Southampton for two months after which he was captured, tried, and hanged, and his body skinned. Other 54 men believed to have been part of his team were also tried and hanged by the State. The white society also began amputating the blacks who had not even taken part in the insurgency as a way of spreading fear across them. The governor tried to stop the militia from killing innocent blacks in order to allow the state laws to take action against those who are believed to have been participated in the rebellion.

The rebellion also led the State of Virginia to consider obliterating slavery, but as an alternative, they voted for tough restrictions laws tightening the freedom of slaves in the hope of averting further insurgence. The insurgence also led to the execution of several slaves in the adjoining state of North Carolina. This was instigated by rumors that slaves were plotting an insurgency. Several slaves were therefore murdered, arrested, and tried, and some executed. Laws were also passed against freedom of slaves like preaching and being insolent to the white society.

The whites also believed that Tuner’s literacy was associated with religion, which was the main cause of the revolution. For instance, one quote newspaper indicated that his fabricated prophecies with relation to the holy word were a means through which he gained many followers in his course. This led to the abolition of preaching to slaves, and measures were put in place to ensure slaves did not come into contact with any preachers.

The General Assemblies of Virginia and North Caroline enacted new laws in 1931, which was a result of the rebellion. In Virginia, the legislation prohibited teaching of slaves, freeing blacks, and helping them to read or write. Northern Carolina laws made it a crime for slaves and other free blacks to preach or lead in any form of worship gathering. The slaves were also restricted from hiring out their labor and skills even if it was with the authorization of their masters. Several other Sates in the United States adopted these restrictions.

Slave maters relationship was also affected. The revolt stood out to be the major turning point in the history of the American slavery, which caused a major swing in the master slave rapport. The initial paternalistic view established in slave master relations was shattered which caused a major ultimate restructuring of slave life. This reorganization was witnessed in the survival practice like moving away from healthy nutritious foods to poor rations supplied by slave masters. This affected the health of slaves. Slaves were not allowed to carry any kind of weapon unless authorized by their masters and under maximum supervision. Slave masters would also not be allowed to have slaves who were not theirs’ within their properties for more than four hours.

There was also a heightened division between the North and South as a result of Nat Tuner’s revolution. This came about because southern slave owners accused northern protestors for enflaming their slaves to rebel, which they thought would result in fresh insurgence in future. This made the abolitionist and pro slavery advocates to intensify their campaigns.

 

Conclusion

The wide-ranging spread of illiteracy as a result of slave literacy was prominent until and after the Civil War. Liberation talks were ignited as a result of the strong southern response to the rebellion. Finally, the Nat Turner’s revolt was among the event that contributed to Civil War.