The Global Food Security Index considers the fundamental issues of availability, affordability, and quality across different countries of the world. The index is constructed from 28 different indicators, as such, it can act as a qualitative and quantitative approach for benchmarking. These indicators are important in measuring food security drivers both in developed and developing countries. The Global Food Security Index basically examines the food security issues, as it tends to not only focus on hunger, but it also focuses on the underlying factors that affect food insecurity, and establish effective adjustment factors on the natural resources, as well as, resilience. As aforementioned, the indexing 3 core issues in 113 countries include affordability, availability, and quality and safety.
Pakistan, for instance, as an example; its overall indexing score is 49.1. This score is based on the average of the three core indexing issues. For instance, the indexing score for affordability is 47.6 that of availability is 50.2 while that of quality and safety is 50. In terms of strength, Pakistan scores 7, where nutritional standards scores 100, the volatility of agricultural production score is 91.9 while food loss scores 91.1 out of 100. In terms of weakness or challenges, the country is rated three where public expenditure on Agricultural Research and Development scores 0, Gross Domestic Product per capita (US$PPP) scores 3.7, while protein quality scores 21.1 out of 100. One of the neighboring countries to Pakistan is India, of which its overall indexing score is 50.1. Another neighboring country is China, with an overall indexing score of 65.1. The indexing score for these countries matters because it helps in assessing the food security situation in the neighboring country, and this can inform the intervention to be initiated. For instance, in this case, the food security situation in Pakistan can be said to be bad compared to that of China and India. This indicates that Pakistan can seek help from its neighbors, which, according to the ranking, are somehow stable in terms of food security.
According to Prosekov, Alexander, and Svetlana, food security is an important factor in human security because food is the basis of a community’s economy. The basic element of community self-reliance is food. Food provides jobs, enhances culture, enable community, and support public health. Food must be available even if other industries fail. Food insecurity can impact individual human security because lack of food can compel a man to look for it by all means, including dubious means, and this can jeopardize human security. Lack of food can lead to an increase in dubious activities such as theft and high rate of crime for one to get this valuable commodity, and in the process, individual human security is put on danger. An individual who uses illegal means to acquire food, subjects himself to danger. At the country level, and about Pakistan and its neighboring countries, it becomes evident that when one country becomes food insecure, its neighboring countries can also be affected because there will be overreliance and overdependence on the neighboring country to acquire food. The neighboring country can, in turn, become food insecure because much of its food will be exported to food insecure country. Therefore, every country should be responsible for ensuring food security within its borders since this will enhance self-reliance and reduce the impact of food insecurity.
Global Food Security Index. Explore countries, n.d., https://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com/Country
Global Food Security Index. The path to food security begins by exploring the challenges, then developing solutions, n.d., https://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com
Prosekov, Alexander Y., and Svetlana A. Ivanova. “Food security: The challenge of the present.” Geoforum 91 (2018): 73-77.