Sample Law Paper on Act Utilitarianism

It takes an uninterrupted strategy to choose from all conceivable actions in a current situation, the best action which brings the greatest happiness to the affected individuals. It holds each situation as being unique. At any time, when considering the current situation, it is always necessary to list the possible option of action. It is good to calculate the happiness and the pain a given option will bring to the affected persons.

This helps takes the best action. It holds a belief that a certain action becomes ethically right when it produces the greatest good for the utmost number of individuals. Act utilitarianism has a belief that it is alright to bend a rule as long as it brings more good to a huge number of people.

Rule Utilitarianism

It takes an indirect strategy. The rule utilitarians tend to think that we often need to make quick and immediate decisions, and this cannot be calculated unhurriedly on a case by case basis as the way act utilitarianism does. It shows that we may wrongly calculate the consequences due to our bad personal conditions and judgment. We should, therefore, follow rules that are generally accepted and those that have good consequences, leaving out a situation of calculating the basis of each current situation.

This is the reaction to that objection. The rule utilitarianism has a principle of utility, which is a rule that will be upshot in the greatest good for the greatest number of persons. It holds that the action which produces the greatest net utility is considered to be right and that that produces the greatest utility is good. It holds credence that if even if the rule cannot bring more good, breaking it will also not help.

Step by step decision-making for both act and rule Utilitarianism

Act Utilitarianism

These are three decision-making steps that one can follow in making a moral judgment. The first step is possible choices. You have first to find out the possible options. The options will have different consequences, and this will help the person to make his decision on which option to take based on his morals.

The second step is to consider the consequences of each given option. This will lead to the calculation of good and bad consequences of each option or the amounts of happiness or pain each option may have to the persons affected. Under this step, one can calculate the total utility of each option based on the consequences borne by the persons affected. During the calculation, one will follow the principle of equality and should also consider bad or good consequences.

The third step will be to choose the right action. After the calculation of the consequences of happiness or pain, one should be able to make a quick decision on the option to choose which will be of much benefit to the affected persons. The decision made on this step will depend on the calculations done.

Rule utilitarianism

This takes an indirect strategy that takes into account the general principle that produces good consequences instead of calculating the consequences of the current situation, as in the case of act utilitarianism. It can follow the following three steps in decision making. Ascertain your choice for the rule of conduct. In this, one can decide to keep a promise he had made previously, and in some cases, one will find himself with one rule to follow. The second step is to consider what would happen if everyone follows a specific rule. In this case, one has to determine whether a  rule has brought good results to society in the past.

The third step is to choose the right action. This will imply that if you have one rule and it meets the requirement of utilitarianism, then you can act according to that rule. Where you have two of the rules meeting the requirements, you will be required to follow your common sense and choose the appropriate one based on the situation.

Applying the decision-making process in timely documentation in one’s workplace

Act Utilitarianism

When making a possible choice on timely documentation, you will first have to find out the possible options. You have at least two options:

Option A: To make timely documentation.

Option B: To be late in documentation

The second step is to consider the consequences of each option, and at this point, one will evaluate the good and bad consequences of each option. Timely documentation safes on time and also helps improve the accuracy of work done since mistakes are corrected on time. The third step is to choose the right action based on my calculation. The right decision is to make timely documentation. It has the best results based on the calculation since it saves on time.

Rule Utilitarianism

When it comes to timely documentation, I choose to keep my promise made to my fellow workmate on making timely documentation. If every person follows this rule in my workplace, it will be of high benefit and will help the quality flow of work and promote the level of accuracy. Timely documentation is the right action to choose since it meets the requirements of utilitarianism.