Sample Literature Paper on Hitting on Homer

The Aeneid, an epic poem by Virgil, tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan traveling to Italy seeking to build a life out of himself. The poem’s twelve books narrates the epic story of Aeneas travelling from Troy to Italy whereas the other books articulate of his eventual conquering wars upon the Latins beneath whose name Aeneas and his supporters are predestined to be included. In the second book, we learn of Priam, King of Troy during the Trojan War and everything that follows in the book reflects his perceptive on the administration in his time.  Endeavoring to build a character trait, Virgil’s treatment of Priam in the second book develops various attitudes both of admiration and adverse criticism from the reader.

In the tale of Troy, the Greek soldier at Priam’s palace is displayed as an exceptional soldier and salvage, and a failure with reverence to Priam and his son Polites. The warrior is presented by asserting that “he stood in his glory, haloed in bronze” and “he commanded the charge” (Virgil 640). From the introduction of the soldier, admiration of the Priam administration is created, an administration full of capable personnel surrounding Priam rule. However, the soldier is termed a savage for having murdered Polites under his father’s watch. “May the divinities treat you as you warrant for forcing me witness my own son’s massacre and tarnishing the death a father’s face” (Virgil line 642). From such, Priam is demonstrated as weak and hopeless; someone who is unable to protect his children. Moreover, we learn of the traitorous administration created by Priam, hence furthering the weak and incompetent nature of Priam.

“That was the end of Priam’s age, the doom that took him off, with Troy in flames before his eyes, his towers. Headlong- fallen, he that in other days, had ruled in pride so many lands and peoples, the power of Asia.” (VirgilLines 722-727). This section offers profundity to the fall of Troy. In just a couple of lines, Virgil delineates the torment of one lord watching his city consumed helplessly. The section implies the way that Troy was under attack with no given cautioning. Virgil depicts Priam as pain stricken, watching his city “on fire before his eyes.” He additionally represents the sorrow Priam feels watching his kin consumed inside the city with agony. He watches the city’s walls and towers that he had developed fall before his watch, yet he was helpless to save it. The assault was so sudden and scheming; nobody had sufficient energy to get ready to battle. Troy, as it surrenders, tumbles to its knees in carnage and ghastliness. As such, Virgil develop Palm as an incompetent King who lacks the ability to plan for disasters, war, or able to protect his people from their enemies.

Virgil likewise incorporates the fact that Troy was strong and Priam was a strong ruler despite his many weaknesses. Priam additionally falls with his city, hinting at a genuine and loyal leader who stands by his people in spite of challenges. Virgil makes it obvious that Priam was a cherished ruler by numerous neighboring lands, consequently Priam “Had governed in value such huge numbers of terrains and people groups.” Priam had the “power of Asia” at his back, and he tumbled to fraud from the gigantic Trojan stallion. Virgil is contending for the Trojans and the sack of Troy, depicting the Greeks as scheming and awful, whereas Priam to be a gullible individual. Ovid’s Art of Love, “So Troy was guarded with miserable clash: in euphoria, the Horse, pregnant with warriors, was gotten.” Ovid relates the sacking of Troy to restraining a lady’s cleaning specialist. “Through becoming a close acquaintance with a lady’s cleaning specialist, you achieve the lady’s heart”. He relates the Greeks in the Trojan steed’s belly to the house keeper and the lady. The house keeper is “in the belly” of the lady. She controls the woman’s emotions. Ovid additionally depicts the Greeks as being keen in their scheming of the Trojans, ruled by Priam. He depicts the Trojans as insignificant and powerless and the Greeks as strong and savvy.

In the Odyssey, by Homer and Alexander, Priam is easily influenced by others, and this develops to be his weakest trait for his son in the Paris. Despite the fact that everyone thinks Paris should handover Helen to the Achaians, Priam lets his son have his way, hence, condemning his city to eventual destruction. Hence, similar to Virgil, Homer describes Priam as a weak character incapable of protecting his family and his people. However, similar to the Anaeid, he is also described as a remarkable and courageous individual. In Book 24, with divine guidance, he goes unarmed to find Achilleus and demand for the return of Hektor’s body (720). Consequently, criticism is developed in the Odyssey by Homer. Despite Priam’s old age, he has many concubines and almost half of Trojan army is made up of his sons. As such, Priam is shown as a selfish and paranoid character respectively (736).

In the Iliad, by Homer, King Priam is a courageous king and father, and also an individual who is ready to strike anybody who brings harm to his family and people at large. After Achilles kills Hector and drags his body back to the Achean camps, Priam sneaks back into the camp to demand Hector’s body. He is surrounded by his enemy, but he is willing to fight and obtain his son’s body to give it a Trojan burial. On his return to Achilles’ tent, he utters, ”Honor the gods, Achilles; pity him. Think of your father; I’m more pitiful; I’ve suffered what no other mortal has, I’ve kissed the hand of one who killed my children. ‘He spoke, and stirred Achilles’ grief to tears; He tenderly forced the old man’s hand away…” (Homer, George, and Allardyce Nicoll 678). Additionally, Priam makes Helen sit and watch his former husband and kinsmen slaughtered to death in the fight between Paris and Menelaus.  As such, he is developed as ruthless and savage character ready to cast his swords, blaming it on the will of the gods. From such, the character Priam from the Aeneid is more developed and criticized in the Iliad book of Homer.

 

 

 

 

Works cited

Homer, and Alexander Pope. The Odyssey of Homer. London: Printed for J. Whiston, Baker and Leigh, W. Strahan, T. Payne, J. and F. Rivington [and 19 others in London, 1771. Retrieved from https://static1.squarespace.com/static/58d6b5ff86e6c087a92f8f89/t/5913eab2cd0f68c944f5c3da/1494477493078/The_Odyssey__Bloom__039_s_Guides_.pdf. Accessed 11th May 2018

Homer, George Chapman, and Allardyce Nicoll. The Iliad. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 1998. Retrieved from https://www.gutenberg.org/files/6130/6130-pdf.pdf. Accessed 11th May 2018

Virgil, The Aeneid. Champaign, Ill: Project Gutenberg, 1990. Retrieved from https://inquiringmindpdx.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/virgil-aeneid-trans-fagles-penguin-2006-1.pdf. Accessed 12th May 2018