Sample Literature Review Paper on Literary Essay

William Carlos Williams was a well-known American poet whose poems and stories were
well-received throughout the world. “The Use of Force” is one of his stories that has received a
lot of attention in the literature field because of the way it depicts the use of force over powerless
individuals. William's story explains in detail how the pressure of achieving a specific goal can
influence the human mind.
Characterization is one of the most important literary devices in a writer's arsenal. It is used to
relate theme, mood, tone, and to bring the reader closer to the characters by demonstrating
humanity, or the lack thereof. (Eisinger, C., & Walcutt, C. (1967). The underlying emotions,
basic motivations, and the regression of men from civil to uncivil behavior are exemplified in
Use of Force by the main characters as they are developed, characterized, and revealed to the
The reader can tell that there are hidden emotions and turmoil beneath the professional
surface of the physician and the flushed skin of the little girl. The physician's use of an easily
cynical and biting tone when discussing how they were spending three dollars on me
demonstrates how he must conceal his feelings of contempt for the parents. He then goes on to
notice certain things about the little girl, such as her unusually attractive quality, revealing

Surname 2
inappropriately buried feelings. All the while, the girl sits quietly on her father's lap, her feelings
of hatred for the doctor and cool confidence in her ability to win calming her.
One of the most obvious things the reader can see as he or she reads through Use of Force is
man's basic motivation to win and overpower another. The particular motivation is exemplified
by both the physician and the little girl, who both strive for dominance over the other and will go
to any length to achieve it. As the doctor puts it, I had gone beyond reason. I could have ripped
the child apart in my rage and enjoyed it; his thirst, his need to win, is obvious even to the most
basic of readers. And the girl, her will to win is evident in her irrational continuation of the
struggle even after her mouth and tongue were bloodied with injuries.
Before progressing to the next level, each level is evaluated for effectiveness. Only persuasion
is used by the doctor at first. This is followed by some physical restraint on the part of the father
and some force on the part of the doctor. This results in the father exerting more complete
physical control and the doctor exerting more force with the wooden depressor. The doctor's
final escalation occurs when he uses a more powerful tool, the silver spoon, to complete his task.
While the violence is justified, it is only in very specific circumstances: it is for the child's own
good and is proportionate. If the risk to the child was minimal, the force would be difficult to
justify. If, on the other hand, the doctor walked in and immediately used maximum force, the
reader would question his mental balance and fitness for the job.
Finally, the doctor defends his actions by claiming that the goal was more important than the
means by which it was attained. The desire to achieve a specific goal drives a person to employ
unconventional methods to achieve his or her goal. The story provides insight into what happens
in people's daily lives as they strive to achieve various goals.

Surname 3


William Carlos Williams, The Use of Force.pdf. Google Docs. (2021). Retrieved 15 May 2021,
Eisinger, C., & Walcutt, C. (1967). Characterization in Fiction. Wisconsin Studies In
Contemporary Literature, 8(3), 463.