Emergency management concerns risks and how to avert them. It is a managerial function that is tasked with forming frameworks that enable communities to cope with disasters as well as reduce their vulnerability to threats. Emergency management is essential because hazards are inevitable. Disasters usually have significant impacts on humans and the environment thus the need to manage them. Dealing with them effectively highly depends on preparedness, coordination, and organization.
The development of emergency management in the United States began in 1952, two years after the formation of the initial Federal Disaster Assistant Program (Sylves 27). In 1985, the Civil Defense Council converted to the National Coordinating Council of Emergency Management and then changed its title to the International Association of Emergency Managers (IAEM) in 1996. Currently, the IAEM has more than 5,000 affiliates in 58 nations and is a non-profit making educational organization that is dedicated to promoting the goals of protecting property and saving lives during disasters and emergencies.
NEMA was formed in 1974 to provide expertise and leadership in the management of disasters as well as assist in emergency management through collaborative policy positions, innovation programs, and strategic leadership. Both IAEM and NEMA partner with FEMA to advance the professionalism of emergency management (Haddow, Jane, and Damon 14). FEMA was created in 1979, and its primary purpose was to coordinate and respond to disasters in the United States that affects locals together with their property. FEMA responds to disasters after the Federal Government declares a state of emergency. It offers on-the-ground support to the state and local governments by offering experts in specialized fields who can minimize the impacts of the disasters. It also provides finance for rebuilding and relief resources for infrastructure by telling individuals how to access low-interest loans alongside giving ideas for small business management (Haddow, Jane, and Damon 16). FEMA also offers finances for training response workforces all over the United States together with its territories as part of the agency’s preparedness effort.
An individual has to understand his or her roles and responsibilities for successful emergency management and response to be an emergency manager. An emergency manager must be able to guide and direct during an accident. One of the functions of an emergency manager is the management of resources before, during, and after a major emergency or disaster. The manager performs this role by taking into account resources and personnel available in an emergency and identifying deficiency in resources and working with appropriate officials to resolve them. Another role of an emergency manager is steering actions associated with the critical components of emergency management, such as coordinating the preparation processes as well as working obligingly with organizations and government officials. The professional also ensures that there is coordination between partners in the emergency management process to ensure they function effectively in prevention and mitigation activities, are cognizant of potential threats to the community, work effectively during emergency situations, and that they conduct effective recovery operations after a disaster (Haddow, Jane, and Damon 26). In essence, the most important role of an emergency manager is coordinating with all participants in an emergency management system to certify that the public is prepared.
Emergency management refers to creating a framework that enables communities to cope with disasters and reduce vulnerability to threats. Disasters have adverse impacts on humans and the environment and addressing them depends on the level of preparedness. Institutions such as IAEM, NEMA, and FEMA play crucial roles from the perspective of emergency management. The most important role of an emergency management team is providing expertise and leadership in the management of disasters.
Haddow, George, Jane Bullock, and Damon P. Coppola. Introduction to Emergency Management. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2017. http://b-ok.xyz/ireader/965176. Accessed July 12, 2018.
Sylves, Richard. Disaster Policy and Politics: Emergency Management and Homeland Security. CQ Press, 2014. https://books.google.co.ke/books/about/Disaster_Policy_and_Politics.html?id=WDSPBAAAQBAJ&redir_esc=y. Accessed July 12, 2018.