Today, information technology plays an important role in the betterment of organizations. It has helped to redefine the visions of global organizations, which forms the basic role in the management of global abilities in cultural diversity and management of management in organizations. Theories provide that there is a strong correlation between increased globalization and information technology across the world. This creates consumer markets that provide an opportunity for globalization in the distributors and manufacturers. Globalization provides rapid growth to promote effective strategies in developing organizational transformation on innovation and entrepreneurship (McFarlin and Sweeney, 2011, p.120). Information technology has contributed to two significant aspects; talent management and supply chain management. The paper will seek to provide an overview of various perspectives on information technology and its impacts on global development and international management.
The adoption of IT in business has led to improved decision-making in organizations due to the availability of effective systems such as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) processes. This provides an effective approach to the development of a reliable business strategy (Ahlstrom and Bruton, 2010, p.89). This leads to significant development for competitive advantage. IT adoption depends on the technological development and building of capabilities and competencies in various organizational designs. The Internet creates a common global marketplace that is not affected by geographical limitations as businesses rely on fundamental strategies to engage in the competitive and capital markets (Edward and Rees, 2011, p.221). Information technology has created digital economies that have transformed relationships between companies and the workforce. The improved technology also facilitates the recruitment of talented employees across the workplace and ensures a balance between work and family life due to the availability of virtual workplaces.
Research shows that global companies are increasingly adopting the use of the internet. This allows the resolutions of IT-related problems in order to foster knowledge integration and continuous learning. Traditional planning does not provide effective decision-making compared to the involvement of IT. Strategic executions have depended on the flow of information to establish relevant strategic processes. Considering the adoption of IT in the firms, there has been a rapid change in the organizational structures and integration of new strategies in the companies (Deresky, 2011, p.121). Globally, IT can also be used for knowledge sharing amongst cultural diversity. This approach allows for sharing of ideas among international organizations. Knowledge management is significant in the deployment of relevant approaches to facilitate technology in organizations. Therefore, information technology focuses on relevant management of knowledge and greater influence on human relations.
The application of computers in administrative information processing is significant in the development of a formal organizational framework on global development and international management. The increasing growth in information technology creates a relevant approach in promoting information systems for solving organizational problems. These developments seek to provide significant theories in the view of information processing systems. However, the impacts of computer technology change amongst different organizational behavior (Cullen and Parboteeah, 2010, p.124). Information technology has changed the current changing computing environment. This has resulted to reliable distributed systems developing higher reliability and improved performance that transforms the operations processes. New technology affects the operations process relates to the organizational impacts. The new approaches are developed towards a better understanding of the information system towards global development.
A process model by Luthans and Doh (2012) establishes that information technology had developed target concerns on the social processes. The nature of the process model explains that information technology has improved the individual and group aspects. The model provides that IT has created new evolutionary designs, organizational structures, and discourses processes that improve engineering, learning, and dialogue in the IS development process. The engineering process involves both the technical and social implications that relate to international management systems. The Learning approach classifies the process model type from an individual and organizational perspective (Luthans and Doh, 2012, p.212). The life-cycle model focuses on the technical systems in the organizations to create organizational changes and development. This lead to the creation of effective frameworks applied to different sets of information technology challenges (Herbsleb and Moitra, 2001, p.18). Therefore, the lifecycle and process model has created effective technical and operational abilities to offset uncertainties in the organizations. The models have led to the development and institutionalization of technological setups in promoting management and technological forecasting and planning in international management (Hill, 2011, p.127).
Over the years, Information technology has played a key role in monitoring workers’ behaviors in many international organizations. Information boundary theory provides the motivational approach for the determination of work and the social exchanges theory provides the relations in terms of social networks in the society. These technology-related theories seek to determine the potential of the employees in their different capacities (Mead, 2009, p.12). Theories state that technology can stabilize and organize the business process in allowing effective decision-making in the organizations. Information technology can provide organizational stakeholders with reliable data and information that increases the evaluation of employee behavior. Thus, information technology has the ability to observe behavioral patterns in order to control unexpected employee actions. From this point of view, information technology is able to evaluate the organizational factors that affect the network of relationships in international organizations (Phatak, Bhagat, and Kashlak, 2009, p.78). Therefore, information technology has had much influence on the organizational relationship due to its effective monitoring and surveillance.
Based on the theory of information boundary theory (IBT), information technology develops effective research work that influences the monitoring and surveillance of employees. Information boundary theory follows general guidelines for boundary closure and opening. In addition, it discusses the social, dynamic, and psychological system that relates to improved regulation in social systems. The theory also regulates the relevant application of communicative and relevant frameworks on information technology (Rodrigues, 2009, p.89). In understanding the impacts of information technology, Information boundary theory has been able to generate appropriate applications such as monitoring processes, list servers, new groups, and blogging. Therefore, this indicates the impacts of information technology on transmitting information among various relationships in the workplace. Technological experts have implemented technical models in the workplace (Grübler, 2003, p.123). Generally, information technology has demonstrated reliable sensitivity in the collection of information and monitoring of employees in the workplace.
In conclusion, the world has become a global village. For global corporations and international management to operate effectively, there is a need to develop the perspectives of globalization and information technology. Information technology can be attributed to the great impacts of globalization. Multinational firms seek to implement IT and other close technologies to improve competitive advantages. The various perspectives on information technology provide the relevant frameworks and approaches in improving the relationships in global management. In addition, the adoption of information technology in global organizations has led to the optimization of information flow in achieving higher levels of productivity and innovation in various forms. This relates to the company’s need to exploit IT and other related technologies in the industry. Information technology is crucial in nurturing ideas between the various organizations to alleviate cultural diversity. Therefore, it has a relevant impact on the globalization processes and international management.
Ahlstrom, D & Bruton, G, 2010, International management, Cengage Learning, South-Western, Australia.
Cullen, J B & Parboteeah, K P, 2010, International Business: Strategy and the multinational company, Routledge, New York.
Deresky, H, 2011, International management: managing across borders and cultures, 7ed, Pearson Education, New Jersey.
Edward, R & Rees, C, 2011, International human resource management: globalization, national systems, and multinational companies 2nd ed, Pearson Education Ltd, London.
Grübler, A, 2003, Technology and global change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Herbsleb, J D & Moitra, D, 2001, Global software development. Software, IEEE, vol. 18, no.2, pp.16-20.
Hill, C, 2011, International business: competing in the global marketplace, 8th ed, McGraw-Hill, Boston, Mass.
Luthans, F & Doh J, 2012, International management: culture, strategy, and behavior, 8th ed, McGraw Hill, New York.
McFarlin, D & Sweeney, P, 2011, International management: strategic opportunities and cultural challenges, 4nd Ed, Routledge, New York.
Mead, R, 2009. International management, Blackwell Publishing, New York.
Phatak, A , Bhagat, R & Kashlak, R, 2009, International management: managing in a diverse and dynamic environment. 2nd ed, McGraw-Hill, Boston.
Rodrigues, C, 2009, International management: a cultural approach, Sage Publications, Los Angeles.