Sample Management Paper on Capstone Results

What is a results section? What makes a good results section?
The results objectively present the data or information that you gathered through your project. The narrative that you write here will point readers to your figures and tables that present your relevant data.





A good results section is not the same as the discussion. Present the facts in the results, saving the interpretation for the discussion section. The results section should be written in past tense.

• Make figures and tables clearly labelled and easy to read. If you include a figure or table, explain it in the results section.
• Present representative data rather than endlessly repetitive data.
• Discuss variables only if they had an effect (positive or negative)
• Use meaningful statistics.
• Describe statistical analyses you ran on the data.

What is the Results section and what does it do?

The Results section of a capstone paper represents the core findings of a study derived from the methods applied to gather and analyze information. It presents these findings in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation from the author, setting up the reader for later interpretation and evaluation in the Discussion section. A major purpose of the Results section is to break down the data into sentences that show its significance to the research question(s).

The Results section appears third in the section sequence in most scientific papers. It follows the presentation of the Methods and Materials and is presented before the Discussion section—although the Results and Discussion are often presented together.

This section answers the basic question “What did you find in your research?”

What is included in the Results?

The Results section should include the findings of your study and ONLY the findings of your study. The findings include:

  • Data presented in tables, charts, graphs, and other figures (may be placed among research text or on a separate page)
  • A contextual analysis of this data explaining its meaning in sentence form
  • Report on data collection, recruitment, and/or participants
  • Data that corresponds to the central research question(s)
  • Secondary findings (secondary outcomes, subgroup analyses, etc.)

If the scope of the study is broad or has many variables, or if the methodology used yields a wide range of different results, the author should state only those results that are most relevant to the research question stated in the Introduction section.

As a general rule, any information that does not present the direct findings or outcome of the study should be left out of this section.

In reporting your results, follow  the process of your analysis and build a case as you answer each research question or address each aim or hypothesis of your study.

You should provide dates of data collection. For example:

  • If doing a survey- what dates were the survey open?
  • If doing interviews – over what period of time did interviews take place?
  • What were the date parameters if you were doing a chart review?
  • What were the dates for data collection if implementing a project?

How are the results organized?

The best way to organize your Results section is “logically.” One logical and clear method of organizing the results is to provide them alongside the research questions—within each research question, present the type of data that addresses that research question.

Let’s look at an example. Your research question is based on a survey:

“What do hospital patients over age 55 think about postoperative care?”

This can actually be represented as a heading within your paper, though it might be presented as a statement rather than a question:

“Figure 1: Attitudes towards postoperative care in patients over the age of 55.”

Present the results that address this specific research question first. In this case, perhaps a table illustrating data from a survey. Likert Items are included in this example. Other tables might include standard deviations, probability, matrices, etc.

Design figures and tables to present and illustrate your data.

  • Tables and figures should be numbered according to the order in which they are mentioned in the main text of the paper.
  • Information in figures should be relatively self-explanatory (with the aid of captions), and their design should include all definitions and other information necessary for readers to understand the findings without reading all of the text.
  • Use tables and figures as a focal point to tell a clear and informative story about your research and avoid repeating information. But remember that while figures clarify and enhance the text, they cannot replace it.