Sample Management Paper on Oral Communication

Oral Communication

Oral communication is a vital category of communication that is achieved by expressing information or ideas through speaking. Communication is achieved when the speaker conveys the message clearly and uses the right sentence structures. To avoid misunderstanding of the conveyed message or idea by the audience, sentences used during communication must be correctly punctuated. Sentence structures and parallelism are some of the important features of communication.

            Sentence construction, whether in written or oral form of communication, determines how the information is received by the audience. Complete sentences require correct use of punctuation marks (Holmes, n.d.). For instance, a sentence always starts with a capital letter, while a question ends with a question mark. Sentences can be simple, compound, or complex. For example, ‘Jane bought another car.’ is a simple sentence. Compound sentences are constructed by joining simple sentences using a conjunction, coma, or semi-colon. The simple sentences used must be content-related to be meaningful (University of Leicester, n.d). For example, ‘Jane failed to submit her assignment on time, she scored low marks’. Errors like wrong use of words, missing words, and unnecessary comma among others lead to wrong interpretation of information (Holmes, n.d.). Good organization and presentation of materials by writers makes it easier for readers to comprehend.

A writer needs to embrace parallelism to avoid ambiguity in sentences. Parallelism is the repeated and balance use of identical or equivalent syntactical constructions in corresponding phrases, clauses, or lists. Coordinating conjunctions are normally used to combine clauses to achieve parallelism (Academic Success Centre, n.d). For example, “I like to travel, cooking, and to sing.” is an incorrect parallel structure. The correct parallel structure is, “I like traveling, cooking, and singing.” Comas should be used appropriately in compound and complex sentences. Parallelism creates a rhythm and organization in sentences.

It is important to observe sentence structures and parallelism in oral communication. Sentence structures mainly depend on how well they are constructed to convey an intended message. Parallelism on the other hand helps the writer attain rhythm and comprehension.

References

Academic Success Centre. (n.d.). Parallelism. Academic Success Centre. Retrieved from https://www.lamission.edu/learningcenter/docs/asc/worksheets/Grammar/Parallelism.pdf

Holmes, Oliver, Wendell. (n.d.). Writing for College and Beyond.  Retrieved from File310188497.

University of Leicester. (n.d). Sentence structure. University of Leicester. Retrieved from https://www2.le.ac.uk/offices/ld/resources/writing/grammar/grammar-guides/sentence

Walden University. (2019) Scholarly voice: varying sentence structure. Retrieved from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/scholarlyvoice/sentencestructure