Sample Nursing Essays on Bipolar Effects on Daily Living

Sample Nursing Essays on Bipolar Effects on Daily Living

Introduction

Bipolar is described as a relatively rare condition characterized by phases of euphoric excitement and depressive retardation (Miklowitz et al. 1). During the ancient times, very few individuals who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder would be prescribed specific pharmacological drugs. However, today, a vast majority of families are faced with the tremendous challenge of taking care of their loved ones suffering from bipolar disorder. Furthermore, this condition continues to be more prominent with over 3 million people suffering from bipolar disorder. The unprecedented increase of the people affected with this kind of disorder has raised great concern especially when  the victims face eventual fatal consequences such as; suicidal attempts, domestic wrangles and uncontrolled dangerous habits performed by the victims who will later on seem stable and enthusiastic (Peacock 5). The terms ‘bipolar disorder’ was thereby conceptualized as an abnormal brain condition that causes an unusual shift in moods, energy, activity levels and basically one’s ability to perform normal day to day activities (Philips et al. 1671). Also known as manic-depressive, bipolar disorder is indiscriminative as it may affect any person irrespective of one’s gender, age, race or ethnic background. Over the recent years, the specific pharmacological treatments that were used in the past became ineffective and unreliable. Relapse of the disorder became a main issue that continues to devastate the world at large. This concern arose with an explosion of medical developments that significantly held the promise of mitigating and treating bipolar disorder.

            Bipolar disorder is classified into four major stages which describe the progression of the condition from mild to serious state (Verster et al. 252). The medical practitioners therefore describe bipolar condition as a chameleon of psychiatric disorder symptoms changes from one episode to the next (Miklowitz et al. 11). The victims suffering from bipolar disorder usually display a range of emotional rollercoaster that alternate from depression to mania. Like any other serious illnesses, the family, friends and close acquaintances of the victims are forced to live with the daunting and dubious task of taking care of the victims whose behavior depend on their sudden changes in moods. While the victim is in a euphoric mood, he or she would display an enthusiastic and restless emotional behavior (Verster et al. 252). However, serious episodes of mania could be portrayed by the bipolar victim who may experience hallucinations and grandiose delusions. Others may be too excited to the point that they would instantly make rush poor decisions, or worse, act recklessly (Leonard et al. 10). Additionally, the victim may portray an increased libido, erratic appetite and a decreased need for sleep (Thakkar et al. 3).

It is normal for human beings to get depressed due to some undesirable stresses in life. However, depression faced by a bipolar victim is more intense and fatal  as it may linger and last for several days or worse, months (El-Mallakh et al. 9). A bipolar depressed person would generally feel exhausted, empty and hapless. As opposed to normal moods, bipolar low moods may eventually interrupt with the victim’s thoughts as well as the normal functioning of the body. It is with this profound reason that a vast majority of depressed bipolar victims would face sleepless nights, impaired concentration, headache, weight loss/gain and low appetite and extreme tiredness (Peacock 6). Additionally, the depressed bipolar victim tends to express dysphoric mania moods where the victim would experience an irritable, miserable and tense feeling (El-Mallakh et al. 8). The behavior of a bipolar disorder victim may experience problems with reasoning capabilities, interpretation of information and feebleness of memory (Leonard et al. 15). It is with this reason that most of the bipolar students are unable to perform well in school as they are less able to grasp basic and fundamental information.

In addition, most of these victims tend to be in solitude as they are unable to effectively socialize with other people. This is simply because of the rapid mood changes that eventually affect the victim’s way of thinking and reasoning. Also, a vast majority of people tend to refrain from victims suffering from bipolar condition due to most bipolar victims exhibiting dangerous and violent behaviors. Admittedly, most of the bipolar victims are unable to maintain and thrive in long-term relationships due to the recurring episodes of dysphoric mania moods that are normally displayed in form of anger, dissatisfaction and haplessness. The other party in the relationship is more so likely to get emotionally drained especially if he/she fails to comprehend the reasons behind the victim’s mood swings. The depressed person sleeping patterns is also likely to be altered as he/she may develop a rhythmic pattern of sleep disturbance that is commonly referred to as diurnal variation of moods (Thakkar et al. 2).

However, amid an explosion of medical discoveries, the victim’s family members and friends are today able to breathe a sigh of relief. The families to the bipolar victims are encouraged to support and take care of them by ensuring that the victims understand their condition. This would be essential in ensuring that the bipolar victims live a normal life where they will be able to utilize their full potential and succeed in their education, relationships and work performance.

References

 

El-Mallakh, Rif S, and S N. Ghaemi. Bipolar Depression: A Comprehensive Guide. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Pub, 2006. Internet resource.https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=fFKgiZU2KscC&printsec=frontcover&dq=bipolar&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=bipolar&f=false

Leonard, Basia, and Joann Jovinelly. Bipolar Disorder. New York: Rosen Pub, 2012. Print.https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=A__kOeLCisoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=bipolar&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=bipolar&f=false

Miklowitz, David, and Ellen Frank. Bipolar Disorder, Second Edition: A Family-Focused Treatment Approach. New York: Guilford Publications, 2010. Print.https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=2xTu1sgcHisC&printsec=frontcover&dq=bipolar&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=bipolar&f=false

Peacock, Judith. Bipolar Disorder. Minnetonka, MN: Life Matters, 2000. Print.https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=ji318xsgynIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=bipolar&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=bipolar&f=false

Phillips, Mary L., and David J. Kupfer. “Bipolar disorder diagnosis: challenges and future directions.” The Lancet 381.9878 (2013): 1663-1671.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673613609897

Thakkar, Vatsal, Christine E. Collins, and Pat Levitt. Depression and Bipolar Disorder. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 2006. Internet resource.https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=A4kF0vLvvHoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Bipolar+disorder,+depression,+and+other+mood+disorders&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Bipolar%20disorder%2C%20depression%2C%20and%20other%20mood%20disorders&f=fals

Verster, Joris C, S R. Pandi-Perumal, and David L. Streiner. Sleep and Quality of Life in Clinical Medicine. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2008. Print.https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=A4kF0vLvvHoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Bipolar+disorder,+depression,+and+other+mood+disorders&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Bipolar%20disorder%2C%20depression%2C%20and%20other%20mood%20disorders&f=false