The population-based health promotion initiative requires the partnership of community health nurses and various stakeholders. The stakeholder partnership ensures local health agendas are incorporated in the health promotion initiatives driven by community health nurses.
The community nurse performs diverse roles during health promotion initiatives. The community health nurse in support of community-based entities and businesses encourage the adoption of common health beliefs and attitudes to improve the health of the population. The nurse achieves the mission of improved health through public policy, community-based activities and public participation aimed at addressing health inequalities (Kulbok et al., 2012). In addition, a community nurse partners with land use as well as public safety stakeholders to support the public changes aimed at modifying the social environment that contribute to health risks. Per Kulbok et al. (2012), a community health nurse works closely with faith-based institutions such as churches to convince the population to take responsibility for improving their own health. The improvement is achieved by imparting knowledge capable of influencing health determinants like lifestyle and diet modifications.
It is important to appraise community resources during community assessment to describe neighborhood resources before embarking on a health intervention or promotion. Per Deeds et al. (2008), the appraisal is important because it indicates whether the present community-based services are adequate for the intended purpose. In other words, appraisal is a forecaster of resource commitment beyond a particular neighborhood. In this case, the resources like community health clinics provide myriads care and prevention services to a neighboring community during health promotion based on funding by federal grants or state contracts. A resource appraisal is equally important as it allows a nurse to match present resources with needs. In this case, the resources like religious institutions and nonprofit organizations can map their financial and advocacy efforts based on places where the needs are. Clinics, for example, can be mobilized to offer additional hours for adolescents to address their sexuality needs.
The community health nurses perform varied roles with the help of other community stakeholders like businesses, healthcare facilities, nonprofit and religious institutions. The nurses enhance health promotion through public policies and community mobilization to address healthcare risks and encourage the people to improve their overall health status. To fulfill the roles, nurses need to appraise community resources to mark their position as well as map them to the prevailing healthcare needs.
Deeds, B. G., Peralta, L., Willard, N., Ellen, J., Straub, D. M., Castor, J., & Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (2008). The role of community resource assessments in the development of 15 adolescent health community-researcher partnerships. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 2(1), 31–39. https://doi.org/10.1353/cpr.2008.0010.
Kulbok, P., Thatcher, E., Park, E., & Meszaros, P. (2012). Evolving public health nursing roles: Focus on community participatory health promotion and prevention. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 17(2), Manuscript 1. Doi: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol17No02Man01.