The current political landscape poses a complex international challenge to democracy since it is shaped by globalization, changes in geopolitical powers, variations in responsibilities and structure of national syndicates. Notably, the transnational incidences like migrations affect the dynamics of engagements and economic growth, nationality, and sovereignty of a country (International IDEA, 2017). The level of democracy in a nation is significantly challenged from within by the political leaders that are reluctant to respect the rule of law and to hand over authority peacefully. Equally, voter apathy and mistrust of political parties including politicians have made citizens to find alternative approaches of political discourse and engagements (International IDEA, 2017). As such, integration of representative government is among the better option in promoting democracy in developing nations.
Venezuela Political History and Current Barriers to Democracy
Since the election of Hugo Chavez as president of Venezuela in 1999, the country became divided between the followers and opponents of the formed government. The nation’s political parties and syndicates failed to direct and reconcile the divisions thereby, characterizing Chavez presidency with constant political instability (Seelke, Nelson, Brown & Margesson, 2017). Equally, the citizens experienced frequent violence and recurring disrespect to the rule of law. An attempted coup occurred in the year 2002 followed by a four-month strike by the civil servants in a bid to remove Chavez from power. Majority of the individuals agitated for the respect of various concepts like democracy, justice, human rights, and validity in government dealings.
Additionally, citizens indicted the authority for negating critical features of a democratic society such as freedom of speech and oppression of the anti-government protestants (Seeker, Nelson, Brown & Margesson, 2017). In the year 2013, Venezuela held a presidential election following the death of Chavez in which president Maduro won by a small margin. The opposition rejected the outcome leading to protests and murder of forty-three people. Current barriers to democratic leadership in Venezuela include a high level of corruption by the state authorities, lack of an inclusive government, and abuse of human rights (International IDEA, 2017). For instance, in the year 2017, Venezuela citizens went to the streets to demonstrate against increased dishonesty in various governmental agencies.
Recommended Form of Democracy for Venezuela
The democratic ideologies of general control and political equity are compatible with various political organizations based on the electoral structures, government, and state systems. Therefore, Venezuela can integrate a representative kind of government to help enhance democracy and avert frequent protests. The inclusive government allows free access to political powers and promotes protection of human rights signified by competitive and regular fair polls (International IDEA, 2017). For instance, North America and Latin America have representative governments that have played a significant role in reducing cases of elections fraud.
The modern political environment has significantly hindered democracy in various countries since it is shaped on globalization and changes in geopolitical powers. The degree of freedom is affected from within by the political leaders that are not ready to hand over power peacefully. Venezuela was considered a democratic nation before the election of Chavez as president in the year 1999. Chavez leadership was regarded as dictatorial by the opposition a factor that led to an attempted coup in 2002 and a four-month strike by the civil servants. Current barriers affecting democracy in Venezuela include corruption, abuse of human rights, and lack of respect to the rule of law. As such, the country can integrate an inclusive government that promotes free access to political powers and regular fair polls.
International IDEA. (2017). The global state of democracy: Exploring democracy’s resilience [Ebook] (1st ed., pp. 1-68). STOCKHOLM: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. Retrieved from https://www.idea.int/gsod/files/IDEA-GSOD-OVERVIEW-EN.pdfwww.idea.int/gsod/files/IDEA-GSOD-OVERVIEW-EN.pdf
Seelke, C., Nelson, R., Brown, P., & Margesson, R. (2017). Venezuela: Background and U.S. relations [Ebook] (1st ed., pp. 1-49). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R44841.pdf