Sample Nursing Essays on Health Care Policy

The major stakeholders who stand to gain or lose with increased use of marijuana for its medicinal value include citizens, medical and pharmaceutical companies, and law enforcement officers. Foremost, majority of the citizens support medicinal marijuana because of its ability to suppress anxiety disorder and insomnia. A survey conducted on rape victims before and after using marijuana reveals a reduction in depression and restoration of calm (Hill, 2015). Based on this, medicinal marijuana has potential health benefits that outdo pharmaceutical prescriptions. Besides, the law enforcement officers oppose medicinal marijuana because of abuse. Studies have established that teenagers and patients have consistently abused medicinal marijuana for its psychoactive effects (Anderson et al., 2015). Additionally, most of the patients have been given wrong or fake prescriptions leading to their arrests by enforcement officers for illegal possessions. Medical and pharmaceutical companies are supporting medicinal marijuana because they consider it a valid alternative to conventional medicine.

Medicinal research has singled out cannabinoids from the marijuana plant to be of medical value. Therefore, the increase use of marijuana is because some of its compounds increases appetite, reduce nausea, decrease pain, and manage muscle control problems. Though, studies are still underway to explore other potential use of medicinal marijuana with states that have adopted its usage through policies seen as control states (Powell et al., 2018). The increase in use of marijuana for medical purposes has largely been attributed to changes in societal attitudes. As a result, it has affected nursing practice because nurses are unsure on how to deal with patients using marijuana. Therefore, there is need for rigorous research to report evidence-based practice to address the challenges nurses are currently facing.

The increase in the use of marijuana is because of reduced attitudes with regard to its dangers. Polices and legal frameworks have yielded unprecedented results. The weak and ambiguous policies and laws have allowed the use of marijuana for purposes relying on low-level scientific evidence. Therefore, future use of marijuana is set to continue relying on evidence that does not meet the standards of FDA. Unregulated use of marijuana in some states will potentially make it hard to establish medical conditions qualifying for marijuana prescriptions within the United States.

References

Anderson, D., Hansen, B. &. Rees, D. (2015).  Medical marijuana laws and teen marijuana use.

Am. Law Econ. Rev., 17 (2), pp. 495-528.

Hill, K. (2015). Medical marijuana for treatment of chronic pain and other medical and

psychiatric problems: A clinical review. JAMA, 313, pp. 2474–2483.

Powell, D., Pacula, R. & Mireille, J. (2018). Do medical marijuana laws reduce addictions and

deaths related to pain killers? Journal of Health Economics, Volume 58, pp. 29-42. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167629617311852.