Interprofessional practice entails the nursing practice in which health workers collaborate with others within their own profession, people outside the profession, patients and families to improve care. Provision of excellent hospital services relies on appropriate coordination and communication fostered between multidisciplinary teams involved in patient care. The goal of interprofessional strategies is to help doctors and nurses to work together in administering quality care. The participation of broad arrays of professionals drawn from different disciplines fosters mutual respect between multidisciplinary teams and encourages teamwork in which professionals involved in health promotion initiatives are treated equally. Different professionals collaborate to participate in healthcare promotion to enhance provision of care and improve wellness of patients and community.
Health promotion can be conducted using myriad strategies. Foremost, multiple professionals drawn from different disciplines collaborate with stakeholders to work within multiple settings like home, school, workplace, and community. Lomax & White (2015) affirm that healthcare promotion must consider the settings and the contributions it is likely to contribute towards promoting health and wellness. In this strategy, the interprofessionals develop health promotion programs and policies based on specific settings to create healthy individuals and establish social environments. For example, the different professionals are allocated roles in which a section workers on how to enhance workplace safety, support healthy cities, and institute regulations to protect the natural ecosystem.
Moreover, integrating efforts across health outcomes is a strategy that has been implemented by multidisciplinary teams and experts drawn from other professions. The risk factors of health issues are myriad and relate to common risks whose actions can be addressed through concerted efforts. The identification of risks by a team of professionals then set the stage for intervention meant to address numerous health problems concurrently to provide multiple benefits. For example, concerted efforts aimed at addressing common chronic illnesses like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer may protect many people. Finally, interprofessionals can offer comprehensive expertise across myriad health actions. Jorgenson et al. (2014) opine that a population health outcome cuts along health promotion and actions. Therefore, the activities involved in health promotions are interconnected, complementary, multidisciplinary and overlapping thereby requiring concerted efforts of multiple professionals and stakeholders.
Interprofessional teams can develop plans to promote health of any given population by selecting appropriate strategies and coordinating efforts to guide the intervention initiatives. In essence, planning starts with the process of selecting specific strategies from a list depending on the specific health needs of a population (Chan et al., 2015). As such, the interprofessional team must identify a combination of strategies that will yield maximum success. Consequently, the team of professionals then establishes coordinating mechanisms on how to promote health and wellness using the specific identified strategies. During this stage of planning, the team will identify professional capacities within the team, political support, autonomy and responsibilities of each member.
Health promotion is an important element of care provision enabling people to increase efforts and control over, and to enhance their health and wellness. Health promotion is broad and the strategies implemented touches on different aspects of human life. Therefore, when a team of professionals drawn from within and outside the nursing medical profession come together, they can work on specific goals and address health problems arising within the community. Promoting health and wellness using a team of experts and stakeholders can yield desired results as the team members can better use their skills and knowledge to effectively coordinate interventions based on the specific needs of given population.
Chan, V., Patounas, M., Dornbusch, D., Tran, H. & Watson, P. (2015). Is there a role for pharmacists in multidisciplinary health-care teams at community outreach events for the homeless? Aust J Prim Health, 21, 379-383.
Jorgenson, D., Laubscher, T., Lyons, B. & Palmer, R. (2014). Integrating pharmacists into primary care teams: barriers and facilitators. Int J Pharm Pract, 22, 292-299.
Lomax, S. & White, D. (2015). Interprofessional collaborative care skills for the frontline nurse. Nurs Clin North Am, 50, 59-73.