Sample Nursing Essays on Models to Sustain EBP


In nursing practice, it is essential to establish a standardized approach to Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) in healthcare organizations. The creation of standardized approaches and choosing an appropriate model assure the multidisciplinary team that suitable methods have been utilized to research, critique, and evaluate evidence supporting change. Indeed, consistent approaches and frameworks are critical in implementing best practices both in the clinical and administrative departments. There are broad arrays of nursing models used to support and sustain EBP. Nursing models identify and enhance components of care and improves outcomes to guarantee a successful EBP change initiative.

Jean Watson’s Human Caring

This model focuses on human caring. The theory affirms that nursing practice is defined by how health professionals provide care to patients with needs. Watson’s nursing model help patients and nurses to embrace the positive energy associated with integrated mind, body and spirit. In other words, comprehensive care should focus on addressing the physical and mental needs of patients. Watson’s theoretical model guides the implementation of EBP change that supports innovation and evidentiary dynamics by prompting nurses to research and implement care approaches that put patents in the best position to self-heal. Per McNett et al. (2019), provision of care has largely changed as nurses implement new methods of providing care in and out of hospitals. Therefore, an Evidence-Based nursing practice anchored on Watson’s human caring philosophy actively engage patients in care procedures and guidelines to optimize the ability of a patient to heal from within.  Hence, Watson’s nursing model discourages the treatment of patients as objects. Electronic medical record system like NextGen can be used to manage and protect data. The system securely captures diagnosis, medication, and care intervention data through its patient module then allowing patients to access wholesome care goals from any location using multiple devices.

King’s Theory of Goal Attainment

This model focuses on how patients can attain care and life goals. The theory affirms that health involves myriad dynamics of life experiences implying that nurses and patients should use resources in adjusting to stressors within the environment. Indeed, stress tends to affect care provision and adherence to medication preventing nurses and patients from attaining their maximum potential.  Per King’s nursing model, nursing practice is viewed as the process in which nurses and patients share information about their perceptions relating to myriad nursing situations (Kesten et al., 2019).  King’s theoretical model creates an environment in which nurses and patients communicate, set goals, explore means of achievement, and agree on the best innovating approaches to implement to attain the goals. In addition, through EBP nurses are capable of conducting research to discover new evidence on information interpretation used to plan, implement, and evaluate new nursing care. Online patient portal, a technology platform allows patients to access personal information, medication and care goals over an internet connection. The portals create an environment in which nurses interact with patients, discuss care goals, and how to attain them. In essence, these portals are password protected to prevent any intrusion or unauthorized access.

Duffy’s Quality-Caring Model

This model exposes the hidden value of caring as the foundation for nursing practice. In addition, the model guides the implementation of EBP change ideas because it guides the nursing practice and provides the frameworks to evaluate patient outcomes and nursing research.  Duffy’s model creates an environment supporting innovation and evidentiary dynamics by merging all the caring process of nursing. Per Weaver et al. (2019), the quality-caring model encourages the establishment of care-relationships between nurses and patient by integrating values, attitudes, and behavior that dominate care provision. Duffy’s model promotes care offered to patients living with chronic diseases. Remote Patient Monitoring tool allows medical systems to send patient data to health professionals to monitor the conditions of patients with chronic diseases.  The system is secured and assist nurses and patients establish relationship anchored on quality care.


Nursing models supports EBP changes to assist nurses to focus on providing quality care and making the nursing environment innovative and engaging. The models are significant in improving care because they provide stages encompassing selection of the best evidence to integrate in EBP and strategies that guarantee the sustainability of evidence-driven nursing strategies. More research studies are required to evaluate the assumptions of nursing models and implications in the daily nursing practice.




Kesten, K., White, K., Heitzler, E., Chaplin, L.  & Bondmass, M. (2019). Perceived Evidence-Based Practice competency acquisition in graduate nursing students: Impact of intentional course design. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 50(2), 79-86.

McNett, M., Tucker, S.  & Mazurek, B. (2019). Implementation science: A critical strategy necessary to advance and sustain Evidence‐Based Practice. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 16(3), 174-175.

Weaver, B., Knox, K.  & McPherson, S. (2019). Perceptions of rural magnet nurses’ comfort and confidence with Evidence-Based Practice. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 50(11), 495-500.