This is disease suffered by children and occasioned by the bulging and irritation of the growth plate found at the top of the shinbone. The growth plate is essential for the growth of children because it is the section where most of a bone’s growth occurs. Osgood-Schleter makes the growth plate weaker and susceptible to injuries compared to other parts of the bone. When an injury occurs a child suffers from pain. Osgood-Schleter frequently disappears the moment a child stops growing and the disease is unassociated with long-term health problems.
The most common signs and symptoms of Osgood-Schleter is swelling and typical pain endured below the kneecap. Per Vaishya et al. (2016), the pain worsens if a child engages in physical activities like running, jumping, and climbing up hills. Hence, the pain may be felt at both knees forcing a victim to limp. Consequently, Osgood-Schleter occurs during growth surge among children at puberty stage, usually those aged between 9 and 14 years old. During the stage of more exponential growth, the bones, muscles and tendons grow at varying rates. Vaishya et al. (2016) further assert that the tendon connecting the shinbone to the kneecap tends to pull away from the growth plate occupying the elevated section of the shinbone. Therefore, consistent engagement in sports and other physical activities causes an injury at the growth plate leading to swelling, inflammation, and pain.
Diagnosis procedures require physicians to conduct physical and medical examination in which children are asked about pain felt and the physical exercises escalating the pain. Osgood-Schleter does not require testing, though physician may conduct X-ray scans to examine knee problems (Yamanaka, 2019). To treat Osgood-Schleter, children are encouraged to avoid activities that cause considerable pain at the knee. Further, physical therapy like stretching at moderate intensity is recommended to keep the leg muscles strong and flexible. In essence, children may be advised to stay away from certain sports for some time to prevent occurrence of the disease.
Indeed, Osgood-Schleter may not prevent children from engaging in sports so long as the pain is not severe. However, children determined to continue with sporting activities may be required to wear shock absorbers around sneakers. Significantly, the children with sporadic cases of Osgood-Schleter are expected to wear protective kneepads. Going forward, the long-term effects of Osgood-Schleter are unserious and rarely will the physicians conduct surgery to remove severe swellings below the knee.
Vaishya, R., Azizi, A., Agarwal, A., Vijay, V. (2016). Apophysitis of the Tibial Tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter Disease): A review. Cureus, 8(9): e780. doi:10.7759/cureus.780.
Yamanaka, J. (2019). Apophysitis and Osteochondrosis: Common causes of pain in growing bones. Am Fam Physician, 99(10), 610-618.