This is a rare condition that has no cure and exemplified by serrated polyps in the colon or the rectum. Per Young et al. (2017), serrated polyps are small growths that rise from the surface of the colon or rectum and defined by their saw-shaped edges observable using a microscope. In essence, these tiny growths are hard to detect and is the core reason scientists detach them from the rectum or colon for viewing using a microscope. Serrated polyps types are precisely defined based on their location in the colon and potential to cause cancer. In view of this, Young et al. (2017) posit that hyperplastic polyps are located on the left side of the colon and are less cancerous. Further, as revealed by Young et al. (2017), sessile serrated polyps are big, occupy the right of the colon and can degenerate to cancer. Additionally, Young et al. (2017) divulge that serrated adenomas, the third type, have abnormal cells making them cancerous, though they are rare to find. Ideally, as per the diagnosis criteria predetermined by World Health Organization, people with serrated polyposis syndrome are required to undergo colonoscopy screening yearly. These people are at high risk of developing colorectal cancer.
The precise cause of serrated polyposis syndrome is still unknown though it is believed that the rare condition is hereditary. Young et al. (2017) disclose that the condition can be inherited, though the pattern of inheritance is unknown. What is known is that close family members like children, parents and siblings have increased chances of developing this rare condition. Further, the symptoms commonly manifest on older people aged over 50-year old. As revealed by Young et al. (2017), polyps and cancer causes common symptoms that are unspecific to serrated polyposis syndrome. These symptoms include bleeding, pain, diarrhea and constipation. Unfortunately, there is a no definite cure for serrated polyposis syndrome, however, treatment guidelines available are focused on curing symptoms and removing polyps or cancer cells. This is why Young et al. (2017) recommend for people to undergo colonoscopy yearly to remove polyps if detected. Preferably, doctors suggest complete clearing of polyps from the colon or rectum area. In cases where cancer is found, medical surgery is proposed.
Young, J., Price, T. & Parry, S. (2017).Serrated polyposis: the problem of definition and its
relationship to the population at risk for syndrome-related colorectal cancer. Translational Cancer Research, 6(9), 1480-1483. Doi: 10.21037/tcr.2017.11.16.