Sample Nursing Faith Integration Case Study on Paraplegia

Question 1

Paraplegia is a type of disablement that affects the sensory or motor activities of the lower parts of the human body. Paraplegia is mostly a result of injuries or traumatic occurrences that affect the nervous system.  These traumatic occurrences and injuries are mostly caused by accidents that end up damaging the nervous system or brain. Other causes of paraplegia are surgical accidents, injury to the spinal cord, stroke, spinal cord dysfunctions such as syrinx, autoimmune diseases, fractured or broken back where the lumbar vertebrae is fractured, infection, hereditary spastic paraplegia, injury to the neck resulting in a fracture of the cervical vertebrae, presence of tumors within the spinal cord and it can also be congenital at birth.

Question 2

Paraplegia is a form of paralysis where there are no functions from the waist down. A good number of the patients with paraplegia would have perfectly healthy bodies that include from the waist down, if not for problems in either the spinal cord or brain. Paraplegia is characterized by the spinal cord or brain inability to receive or send impulse to the waist down due to an injury or infection.  Hence, people with paraplegia do strain with movements from their waist down. They also experience the lack of sensation. This lack of sensation depends on a feeling of tingling or reduced feeling from the waist down to a time where they are unable to feel anything at all. Injuries can cause paraplegia on either legs or both.  A broken leg can be mistaken to be paraplegia in some circumstances.  Hence, doctors take their time while diagnosing paraplegia immediately after an accident. It should take more than four hours to diagnose this condition. There is complete and incomplete paraplegia. The difference is based on how much functionality the person retains in the leg.  A complete paraplegic both legs cannot function and have no sensation. A case of incomplete paraplegia may leave the person with paraplegia with some motor control or sensation. People suffering from paraplegia have symptoms such as loss of movement or muscle control in the waist down, loss of sensation in legs, tingling in the legs, loss of bowel and bladder control and sexual dysfunction.

Question 3

In my opinion, because of my training as a nurse, it is simpler to attend to the physical needs of the patient first. Later on, I might be in a position to deal with the spiritual needs. For instance, when a patient with severe bleeding is brought to my attention, I would first help in reducing the bleeding, then engage the patient in spiritual talks when he or she is stable enough to be involved in a conversation.

 Question 4

Jesus, after seeing the level of faith the men had, stopped teaching. He forgave the man his sins and told him to get up and go. I will attend to my patients in regards to urgency. Just like Jesus, when a patient that requires immediate attention comes my way, I will stop whatever I will be doing and attend to the patient. For example, when a patient that was involved in a road accident is brought to the hospital, and it finds me doing something less important, I would stop what I was doing and immediately attend to the patient. I will pray before starting treatment of any patient. This would be a way of making sure that the spiritual aspects of the recovery process are not ignored.