Sample Nursing Paper on Cardiovascular Diseases

A study of the interactive maps shows significant disparities in cardiovascular diseases across the state of Florida. The disparities highlighted can be considered from multiple perspectives ranging from race, socio-economic conditions, healthcare delivery and insurance to costs. The data present in the maps suggests significant disparities in terms of cardiovascular incidences across the various races. Across all the ages considered, it is seen that the black (non-Hispanic) populations are the most affected while the Hispanics are the least affected.  The death rate is substantially higher for African Americans as compared to non-Hispanics. Women from racial minorities are more likely to be affected than men, more especially the younger women. The minorities are also more likely to be re-hospitalized and receive less insurance support.

Further, diabetes, obesity, and leisure-time physical inactivity are highlighted as the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The risk factors differ from county to county across Florida ranging from as little as 3.6% in Eagles to a high of 18.3% in Holmes. Similar levels of disparity are recoded for obesity and physical inactivity during leisure. It is also observed that cardiovascular diseases are more prevalent amongst those with less than high school education as compared to those with less than a college education. In terms of costs, the disparities are not large, Collier county has the lowest inpatient cost associated with cardiovascular diseases while Bradford recorded the highest cost over the period considered. Further, the data suggests that these costs have been on the rise over the last few years. Summarily, race, risk actors, and social-economic conditions that impact on cardiovascular cases differ across different counties. It is further evidence that cardiovascular incidences are on the rise across Florida and so are the cost associated with cardiovascular treatment.