Healthcare beliefs vary among persons hence different cultures influence care differently. From caregivers’ views, culture is the basis for which all value-systems generate, evidence-based medical interventions included (Ancarno et al, 2014).The incorporation of culture-congruent care in health promotes patient autonomy resulting in optimal health, especially in children. Parental expectations and nutrition form the generic emic that influence the well-being and overall health outcomes of persons. However, Per McElfish et al (2017) cultural-competency is mainly important to health where language and culture either interfere with or support communication. Hence a compromise between culture and development is required for effective care-dispensation. For instance, some cultural beliefs are obsolete and clash with medical interventions necessitating cultural modifications. Whereas when cultural beliefs promote good healthcare practices, such beliefs are to be preserved. Therefore, culture is essential in healthcare promotion and disease prevention and impacts on the overall societal growth and development.
In addition, culture influences how societies view and value children as well as patterns used to raise them. The beliefs, practices and expectations of a community on how to pass knowledge from parent-to-child are culture-driven. A cross-cultural study on ethno-theories of caretakers revealed that a caretaker’s goal for child-rearing is not pegged on the child’s personality but rather on the societal norms and values (Friedlmeier et al., 2008 as cited by Albert and Trommsdorff, 2014). Contemporary education systems in most countries are also culture-dependent. Per Huang (2018), despite resources and teaching modules availed to provide universal learning to children, a large part of their development is determined by the culture they grow in. Furthermore, environmental factors whether home-environment or school-environment affects how a child thinks and interacts with others in the society. These factors are essential in an individual’s identity formulation for growth and development.
Conclusively, culture and development are interwoven such that in every sector of development, cultural-effects are felt. Albert and Trommsdorff (2014) describe this relationship as a two-way dependency where cultural-context gives options and restrictions for developmental outcomes and behavioural-preferences while the developmental-context allows an individual to master specific cultural-values that aid in their adaptation competencies. Culture therefore is a diverse factor that is critical in contemporary aspects of development.
Albert, I., & Trommsdorff, G. (2014). The role of culture in social development over the lifespan: an interpersonal relations approach. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 6(2). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.9707/2307-0919.1057
Ancarno, C., Napier, A.D., Butler, B. & Chatterjee, H. J. (2014). Culture and health. The Lancet. Retrieved from www.researchgate.net/publication/269175928_Culture_and_health
Huang, C. (2018).How culture influences children’s development. Bournemouth University. Retrieved from https://www.bournemout.ac.uk/news/2018-07-31/how-culture-influences-children-s-development
McElfish, P.A., Long, C.R., Rowland, B., Moore, S., Wilmoth, R. & Ayers, B. (2017).Improving culturally appropriate care using a community-based participatory research approach: Evaluation of a multicomponent cultural competency training program, Arkansas, 2015-2016. Preventing Chronic Diseases 2017, 14:170014. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5542547