Sample Nursing Paper on Hypertension

Nursing Paper on Hypertension

Study Reference Purpose


Study Question


Independent (1)

Dependent (D)




Size and





Major Findings
1 Khalesi, S., Irwin, C., & Schubert, M. (2015). Flaxseed consumption may reduce blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials. Journal Of Nutrition, 145(4), 758-765. doi:10.3945/jn.114.205302  Purpose:  To establish the effects of flaxseed consumption on blood pressure.

To determine the type and duration of flaxseed supplementation and influence on blood pressure.


Research question: there is no research question


Hypothesis ; there is no hypothesis


Flaxseed consumption


Blood pressure and baseline blood pressure


P: patients with hypertension

I:  Flaxseed consumption

C: no flaxseed consumption

O;  blood pressure

 Randomized controlled trials or quasi-experimental (non-randomized controlled trial),

2) included adults older than 18 y of age,


A sample of 11 studies (14 trials ) with 1004 participants


Selection: randomized controlled trials 6 of crossover designs and 5 parallel designs



Were statistically differences found? Yes All studies reported changes in SBP and DBP.

 Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature works. In mid-2014, Cochrane Library was used as a valuable resource for studying how humans supplemented their normal

Food diet with flaxseed or its extracts such as oil and ligands.

The study established that consumption of flaxseed reduced both diastolic and systolic blood pressure with diastolic pressure significantly improved when whole flaxseed were consumed by a subgroup.
2 Su, T. T., Majid, H. A., Nahar, A. M., Azizan, N. A., Hairi, F. M., Thangiah, N., & Murray, L. J. (2014). The effectiveness of a life style modification and peer support home blood pressure monitoring in control of hypertension: protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC public health, 14(3), S4. Objectives: To study how lifestyle changes and monitoring of blood pressure help in controlling hypertension among patients in poor and middle income countries.


Research question: there is no research question

Hypothesis ; there is no hypothesis


Low income countries

Middle income countries



Blood pressure, dietary assessment and physical evaluation

P: Households with different incomes

I: training on health diet and self-assessment of blood pressure

C: No exposure to training of health diet

O: Practice of self-blood pressure monitoring

Statistical analysis through different techniques such as ANOVA, Chi-square tests and Mann-Whitney-U test will be used to compare the two groups. selection: 833 households were selected through simple random sampling method for 10months


Were statistically differences found? Yes a low income urban population was chosen to reduce disparity in access to health care.

The study is controlled trial that took place in poverty ridden area named as Kuala, Lumpur. A total of four houses will be randomly selected from a range of six community houses. The main results are systolic and diastolic blood pressure. On the other hand, some of the valuable measures that can be taken by the victims suffering from lifestyle illnesses include physical exercises, property, balanced diet and self-monitoring of blood pressure.
3 Schoenaker, D. A., Soedamah-Muthu, S. S., & Mishra, G. D. (2014). The association between dietary factors and gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. BMC medicine, 12(1), 157. Purpose: A systematic review to investigate the correlation between dietary factors and HDP in women of reproductive age.


Research question: there is no research question


Hypothesis ; there is no hypothesis


Reproductive aged women


Dietary factors and HDP.

P: Reproductive aged women

I: Intakes of dietary factors and HDP

C: No dietary factors and HDP

O: Calcium intake lowers HDP

MEDLINE and EMBASE were used as research tools to gather information and data from researched done on the subject especially those published no later than May 2014. Sample a sample of 23 cohorts was selected and 15 case control studies used. Selection

; women in their gestation periods

Were statistically significant differences found: No

Observational studies on reproductive age focusing on diet and nutrients were included as well as those on gestational hypertension. Weighted mean differences (WMD) for these variables measured were calculated. HDP participants were established to have consistently low unadjusted intakes of magnesium and calcium unlike for non HDP pregnant women.  compared with pregnant women without HDP.