Sample Nursing Paper on Lateral epicondylitis Disorder

Introduction

For a long time, lateral epicondylitis has been among the leading musculoskeletal conditions affecting people, especially in the sporting arena. Having witnessed the pain that a patient goes through when a close friend had lateral epicondylitis after a Lon tennis session, I researched the disorder to get insight into its anatomy and the ideal treatment measures. Lateral epicondylitis is a tendinopathy injury that involves the extensor muscles of person’s forearm1-2. The injury adversely affect the proper functioning of the muscles originating from the lateral epicondylar region of the distal humerus making it hard for the affected person to perform basic functions using or her arm3. A critical analysis disorder’s causes, its mechanisms, symptoms, and the affected functions, as well as the possible treatment options, will help unravel the ideal ways of mitigating its adverse effects thus setting the foundation for improved welfare for the many sports personalities who often find it hard dealing with tendonitis.

Causes

With evidence form my close fiend’s lateral epicondylitis condition after tennis games, it is accurate to assert that the common cause of the disorder is through repetitive action involving the movement of tendons at different joints of the arm. Frequent intense movements of the tendons at the elbow leads to rupture of some essential muscles, especially when the repetitive motion happens incorrectly4. Other causes of the disorder include; injury, aging, some medical conditions like arthritis and diabetes, among others. My friend’s lateral epicondylitis condition was caused by repetitive action during the sporting session.

Symptoms

Some of the notable symptoms form my friend’s condition were mild pain at the elbow that worsened with time. With time, the pain extends from the outside of the elbow all through down to the forearm and wrist, leading to difficulty for one to make a firm grip on any object. Moreover, one feels an excruciating pain when squeezing an object, raising objects or when shaking hands with other people because of the weak ruptured tendons4. My friend with lateral epicondylitis could barely use her right arm because of the excruciating pain she experienced at her elbow down to the forearm and the wrist. She opted to use her left arm as in performing most of her duties before seeing the doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of lateral epicondylitis involves a series of physical examination to determine the functioning of the possible affected areas. The doctor should ask the patient to make movements of the elbow joint while monitoring to detect any anomaly in the operation of the joint muscles. Besides, the doctor will apply some pressure to the spots where the elbow tendons are attached and ask the patient to reveal any pain effects while moving his or her joints as witnessed during the diagnosis of my close friend2. The doctor may deem it fit to perform an X-ray or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan to the elbow joint to unravel other medical conditions like arthritis of the elbow that may cause pain at the arm3. The results from the diagnosis guide the doctor on the appropriate treatment measure.

Treatment and Prevention

There are various treatment measures for lateral epicondylitis that were prescribed by the doctor in my close friend’s case. First, the doctor did reveal that almost all cases of lateral epicondylitis don’t require surgery to cure. The patient should always take rest as the first treatment step. In particular, the patient should rest the arm for several weeks to help tone down the tendon muscles, and this can be achieved by the use of a brace that helps immobilize the affected tissues3. Besides, the patient should use ice packs to help reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

Further, physical therapy is another ideal treatment measure where arm exercise and ice massage can help improve the condition. The patient may also use medication like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines to help reduce the pain as well as steroid injections to the affected areas to help reduce inflammation2. Prevention f the condition involves regular exercise to strengthen and maintain the flexibility of the forearm, using appropriate equipment in any sporting activity as well as icing one’s elbow after intense physical activity.

Conclusion

It is evident that lateral epicondylitis is a tendonitis disorder that adversely affects the welfare of the patient after intense physical activity that involves the movement of one’s elbow. The disorder is common among the sports peoples, and it causes pain on their elbows, making it hard for them to perform various functions using their arms. After a diagnosis that often involve a physical examination, the patient receives appropriate treatment measures that help heal the affected elbow. All sports personalities should understand the ideal ways of preventing lateral epicondylitis as a way of improving their overall health and welfare.

 

References

  1. Descatha A, Albo F, Leclerc A, Carton M, Godeau D, Roquelaure Y, Petit A, Aublet‐Cuvelier A. Lateral epicondylitis and physical exposure at work? A review of prospective studies and meta‐analysis. Arthritis care & research. 2016 Nov;68(11):1681-7.
  2. Holmedal Ø, Olaussen M, Mdala I, Natvig B, Lindbæk M. Predictors for outcome in acute lateral epicondylitis. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2019 Dec;20(1):1-7.
  3. Saltychev M, Laimi K, Virolainen P, Fredericson M. Effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma in treatment of lateral epicondylitis–a systematic review and meta-analysis. PRM+. 2018 May 8;1(1):7-16.
  4. Vaquero-Picado A, Barco R, Antuña SA. Lateral epicondylitis of the elbow. EFORT open reviews. 2016 Nov;1(11):391-7.