- How ice cream was invented
An ice cream is a sweetened frozen food that is typically eaten as a dessert or snack. It is made from a semi-frozen mixture of sugar, milk, and flavoring. It has evolved from being a dessert for the elite to a street food which people consume regularly. The taste of Ice Cream is refreshing and sweet as it melts down one’s tongue. Some popular ice cream flavors include vanilla, strawberry, chocolate, and sundae. An Ice Cream like dish was first made and consumed in China by King Tang of Shang. He, together with 94 “ice men” made a dish by mixing buffalo milk, flour and camphor with snow. At around 200 BC in China, ice cream was invented by packing a mixture of rice and milk into the snow. What is more, the Chinese made pots which they filled with a syrup mixture, which was then packed into a mix of salt and snow. The “endothermic effect” of this mixture drew heat from the adjacent liquid, thereby facilitating freezing to make ice cream (Marshall 55). Essential for the manufacture of ice cream of the highest quality are ingredients of excellent quality, a mix that is formulated and balanced to provide proper function of each component, and intelligent processing, freezing and hardening of the product (Marshall 55).
It has been said that on a voyage from China, Marco Pole brought with him an ice cream recipe which he shared with the Italians. What is more, ice harvesters would be sent to the mountains of Italy to get ice during the colder months which would then be brought to Rome and other cities. The ice cream recipe found its way to France via Italy and it gradually became popular among the nobility class to an extent that efforts were made to keep the ice cream recipe a secret from the common people. By the 1600s, a few recipes of flavored ice were available in France. Ice cream started appearing in menus around cafes that could afford to store ice in France during the 17th century. Moreover, ice cream recipes started being published thereby creating interest whilst encouraging people to experiment with different mixes. Nowadays, there are numerous variations of ice cream such as; the sorbet, sundae, frozen yogurt, gelato, and strawberry. Additionally, with the upper class financing the production of ice cream, chefs, innovators, and cooks dedicated their time and efforts in spreading the popularity and availability of ice cream around the world. Eventually, after sugar was discovered, it was added as an ingredient and mixed with the flavored ice, milk, and cream to create the taste and look of ice cream which we are accustomed to nowadays.
The name ice cream or iced cream as it was initially referred to arose from mixing cream together with ice. In the 19th century, ice house insulation technology had improved considerably thereby facilitating the production and storage of ice cream by allowing it to be cold. Furthermore, the technological advancement consequently led to the development of other ice houses. With the increased number of ice houses, ice cream gradually spread across Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. Continuous refrigeration became a reality in the year 1926 with the invention of the electrical freezers which enabled industrial manufacturers to start producing ice cream in large scale. Refrigeration facilitated the creation of ice cream without having ice on hand, leading to the eventual widespread presence of ice cream. Also, key developments of emulsifiers, thickeners, and mixing technologies also led to the development of the texture which people are nowadays accustomed to. Another significant innovation made was the use of more air in the ice and cream mixture, which created a “softer” looking ice cream. To date, ice cream is still changing and evolving with new tasty recipes being developed frequently. Ice cream is no longer just a treat for the elite and it can be enjoyed by anybody who wishes to indulge in it. Today, ice cream is found in almost any restaurant, or corner store, and is recognized globally as the perfect summer treat.
- The creator of ice cream
Tang was the first king of the Shang dynasty (618-697 AD). He inspired the invention of ice cream during his reign as king when he, with the help of “ice men” made a dish by mixing buffalo milk, flour and camphor with ice. He ascended to become king after he, together with his army overthrew King Jie of the Xia dynasty. King Tang was popular within the Shang dynasty due to his policies such as; encouraging his subjects to take up animal husbandry, lowering taxes levied on people so that they would not be overburdened. What is more, under the rule of Tang, the Shang dynasty flourished and its territories grew. The throne also took measures to establish a viable currency in the wake of large scale counterfeiting that had broken out at the end of the Sui dynasty.
Marshall, Robert T., H. Douglas Goff, and Richard W. Hartel. Ice cream. Springer, 2012.