Sample Nursing Paper on Type II Diabetes: Evidence-Based Practice

Diabetes is one of the challenging chronic conditions that healthcare providers deal with frequently. Evidence-based practice however, can help healthcare providers to guide patients on the right courses of action and the approaches towards disease and self-care management. Two weeks ago, I encountered a case of diabetic symptoms in a male patient aged 58 years. The patient, George, was brought into the emergency room (ER) by his son. He reported that over the past six months, he had been experiencing frequent fatigue, had lost a lot of weight, and increasingly felt the urge to urinate frequently. He had previously sought medical assistance and had been given medication in addition to guidance on various foods that he was to take more of and those that he needed to avoid. Additionally, he had been tested and diagnosed to have diabetes. He however had assumed that the condition would go away after some time, and the recurrence of symptoms after three months of medication made him feel uneasy.

From an understanding of the patient issues, it became clear that while the patient had been informed of his diagnosis and advised on foods to take and to avoid, he was probably not told the nature of the disease. According to Kharroubi and Darwish (2015), the first step in assisting patients with type II diabetes is by creating awareness of the risk factors and self-care approaches that are to be followed to ensure successful disease management. The patient was to be made aware that type II diabetes is a chronic disease and that one time medication was insufficient to treat it. Accordingly, I applied the practices discussed by Piero, Nzaro and Njagi (2014) on the management of diabetes mellitus by first taking the patient through a counseling process. I then prescribed various medications taking into account their contraindications and the patient characteristics and even involving the son in the process. Involvement of family is an important aspect in the management of chronic diseases; evidence shows that self-care can be enhanced through family support (Kharroubi & Darwish, 2015). I am therefore certain that the steps taken will enhance the patient’s capacity for self-care and disease management in the long run.



Kharroubi, A.T., & Darwish, H.M. (2015). Diabetes mellitus: The epidemic of the century. World Journal of Diabetes, 6(6), 850-867. Retrieved from

Piero, M.M., Nzaro, G.M., & Njagi, J.M. (2014). Diabetes Mellitus – a devastating metabolic disorder. Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 04(40), 1-7. Retrieved from–a-devastating-metabolic-disorder.pdf