Applying Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model in Nursing
The Adaptation model of nursing as designed by Callista Roy continues to be a guiding model for those in the nursing profession and those willing to join the career. This was after she was challenged by Dorothy to develop a conceptual model for nursing practice while still a graduate student, which she eventually did while drawing ideas from the works of a physiological psychologist. Through the theory, an individual is regarded as a set of interrelated systems comprised of biological, psychological, and social components. Therefore, an individual often strives to create a balance in the systems considering the environmental changes that affect their health.
A six-step nursing process is developed from Roy’s theory that includes assessment of behavior, assessment of stimulus, nursing diagnosis, goal setting, intervention and evaluation (Ibrahim, 1997). Nurses, therefore, have the responsibility to look into the ways in which the environment influences individuals’ behavior and establish effective interrelationship skills that would see the patients express their views and opinions that promote adequate diagnosis.
The theory is very useful in enhancing the ability of professional nurses to be able to deal with their patients and the community in a way that patients feel well taken care of. The theory brings out the concept of the aspects affecting human being; social, psychological, and biological aspects that are important in understanding the way individuals behave and react to stimuli (Kavanaugh et al., 2006). The theory also discusses the process that helps nurses in diagnosing and evaluating the behavior of individuals under different stimuli and environments. The concept aims at improving the relationship between the nurses and individuals where nurses can show respect and dignity in the way they deal with their patients and the community (Sikma, 2006). This will help those who want to advance in the profession to abide by the principles and values necessary to establish effective interpersonal relationships with their patients.
If attended to well by the nurses, patients tend to respond positively to the care, thereby exhibiting some form of relief and revival of hopes to live a healthy life again. The fact that the theory identifies the human body as a system is an active aspect to consider whenever nurses rely on the findings of Roy’s work.
Ibrahim, M. (1997). Theoretical Nursing: Development & Progress, 3rd edition. Philadelphia
Kavanaugh, K., Moro, T., Savage, T and Mehandale, R. (2006). Enacting the act of caring to recruit and retain vulnerable participants of sensitive research. Research in Nursing and Health, 29(3) 244-252
Sikma, S. (2006). Staff perception of caring. The importance of a supportive environment. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 32(6). 22-29