Document analysis of the Black Death
The origin of the Black Deaths can be traced to Mongolia (Gobi Desert) from where it spread rapidly to other parts of the world. These documents gives an historical account of the Black Plague and are written by authors from different time periods. Correspondingly, these documents provide a summary of the onset of the plague right from the beginning explicitly explaining the severity of this historical calamity. When one reads the documents, the scrutiny of how different cultures were responding to the plague is precisely given. It is also clear from the documents that many people believed that the Black Plague was caused by the Jews community. According to the documents, the Jews had poisoned the wells and springs leading to the Black Plague. They assert that ‘…bags full of poison were found in many wells and springs…’ However, this was not to be proven as the Jews claimed this a wild rumor, a sentiment also echoed by Pope Clement VI.
Musssis, one of the authors, on the other hand gives another different account of what really transpired prior to the Black Plague. Musssis believed that the Black Plague was as a result of God’s punishment of the unrighteous nature of man. While other historians believed that the Black Death was exclusively caused by bubonic strains that claimed many lives in the process, though this assertion has since been questioned by opponents. The Black Plague was horrific as it did spread like wildfire throughout most countries in Europe claiming many lives in the process. The plague, due to the large number of lives it claimed is considered among the worst catastrophes to ever face humanity. Some Christians, as a consequent also started killing the Jews community claiming that they had purposely poisoned the Christian community leading to the Black Deaths.
Mussis, for instance, asserts from his experiences that the Plagues commenced from Tartars and Saracens from which it did spread rapidly to other parts of Europe. To him, those who had been infected by the plague and migrated to other places carried the disease with them and in the process infecting others. Truchess and Gigas, some of the authors of the documents, on the other hand, believed that the Black Plague was primarily as a result of the Jews poisoning of Christian wells and springs. Knowing very well that the Christian community was more likely to retaliate, Councilors of Cologne started pleading with them to consider the rumor surrounding the Jews poisoning as hearsays and to avoid retaliatory attacks. Clement VI echoed the same sentiments when he ordered the Christian community to stop killing the Jews community as a retaliation of the Black Death.
Historical Significance of the Black Death and the Black Plague cannot be underpinned as the tragedy led to a general change in lifestyles across Europe. Similarly, as a result of the large number of people who succumbed from the calamity, most countries in Europe experienced labor shortages. To many historians, the argument was that as a result of the Black Plague, many crucial changes in the socio-economic welfare of the Western Nations ensued. Most land owners recorded great losses as a consequence and this is regarded as one of the greatest effect of the Black Death. For instance, some villages in Germany were entirely wiped out with Italy being the hardest hit by the Black Plague.