To combat the spread of Covid-19 infections, a proactive multidisciplinary approach is required from all stakeholders. This includes; healthcare workers, public institutions, government, and the public. This ensures harmony in the implementation of any intervention aimed at slowing down or treating infections.
Currently, there lacks established curative therapies for the Covid-19. Hence, there is a need for disease control strategies and prevention of disabilities in affected individuals. For the government and relevant stakeholders, active surveillance by healthcare workers on the public is recommended. The surveillance need to be evaluated based on the situation evolution. The objectives and priorities are subject to change depending on the outbreak of COVID-19 and people’s reaction to the response. In the event of a pandemic, healthcare workers are required to follow established national public health procedures to report on suspected or confirmed cases (Moura, Dupnik, Sampaio, Nobrega, Jeronimo, do Nascimento-Filho & Jeronimo, 2013). The collected data would go into a national database for monitoring of the infection trend. Also, the effectiveness of the adopted strategies to curb the infection is evaluated. Adequate infection prevention and control strategies should be provided to the public, for instance, restricting movements to and fro of areas with increased infection pressures, as well as carrying out massive testing for individuals displaying symptoms and tracing their contacts (Taylor, Norman & Peeler, 2011). This should be done cautiously as massive testing has a downside of generating numerous negative results.
The major drawback of active surveillance during pandemics is that it is labor-intensive and time consuming, which can prove expensive. Although an effective tool in tackling Covid-19, a cost-benefit analysis on active surveillance should be undertaken by respective stakeholders before embarking on such an approach.
Moura, M. L., Dupnik, K. M., Sampaio, G. A., Nobrega, P. F., Jeronimo, A. K., do Nascimento-Filho, J. M.,& Jeronimo, S. M. (2013). Active surveillance of Hansen’s disease
(Leprosy): importance for case finding among extra-domiciliary contacts. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 7(3).
Taylor, N. G., Norman, R. A., Way, K., & Peeler, E. J. (2011). Modeling the koi herpes virus
(KHV) epidemic highlights the importance of active surveillance within a national
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