Sample Paper on International Relations Paper on Fragile or Failed States

Fragile states face high risks and lack the capacity to deal with these risks from the community, regional, and national levels. One of the most important things to know about fragile states is that the minimal support they receive contributes to or worsens their fragility (Kharas and Winthrop). A perfect example is Somaliland that has over the years been debarred from every form of assistance based primarily on the anomaly of nonrecognition. The good news is that Somaliland is making gradual steps towards resolving its problems and there are signs that it has outperformed neighboring countries.

Another important thing to know about failed or fragile states is that they are hotbeds of violent conflicts and vulnerabilities to natural disasters and climate change. To address these challenges faced by these states, there should be a shift from the current paradigms that prioritize the promotion of economic growth and reduction of poverty to more advanced and effective paradigms (Cooley and Papoulidis). For instance, response to failed states’ challenges should entail new paradigms focused on meeting the basic needs of millions of people living there. The new paradigms should also focus on the management of shock experienced by the populations and stress that disrupt possible development (Collier). Most importantly, the focus of the new paradigms should be on addressing the root cause of fragility.

A renowned approach to helping fragile states is sending in foreign troops for peacekeeping missions, which is followed by interested foreign powers pushing for democratic elections. Once a new government is formed, foreign nations come up with selfish reforms and promise aid in exchange for the implementation of these reforms. This approach is largely ineffective as the states are denied the conditions required for a country to start. Often, the intrusiveness of foreign troops becomes evident after some time. The elections conducted divide society further rather than resolving the issue of legitimacy. This leaves states with the little capacity to carry out reforms required by donors.



Works Cited

Collier, Paul. “A New Approach to State Fragility.” Brookings, 11 Jan. 2019,

Cooley, Larry, and Jonathan Papoulidis. “Scalable Solutions in Fragile States.” Brookings, 28 Nov. 2017,

Kharas, Homi, and Rebecca Winthrop. “Education for Fragile States.” Brookings, 18 Sept. 2018,