Sample Paper on Proletarian Utopias: Science, Family and Daily life

Proletarian Utopias: Science, Family and Daily life

The desire to have a better life free from suffering led to the introduction of proletarian utopia that changed the way Russians perceived life.  The great revolution in the country was characterized by change in the society with respect to morality, art, science, and culture.  People envisioned a perfect world unbound from suffering as they encountered challenges while working in factories. They desired a world where there would be no forced labor that they had experienced during construction of cities and while working in the factories. The proletkultists imagined the possibility of a perfect culture where people were equal. They envisioned a society where everyone would be treated equally without social classification. The proletariats wanted to develop the culture across the major areas such as, science, family, and daily life.

The proletariats wanted to transform scientific knowledge to suit the new perfect world. Bogdanov, one of the proletariats, believed that the scientific concepts were exploitative as they suited the capitalist means of accumulating wealth at the expense of the citizens. In his view, it was important to develop scientific concepts that were centered on equality and justice rather than human exploitation.  The proletariats did not disregard the old scientific concepts but they envisioned a world where science would be used exclusively to improve human welfare through factors such as medical research. Under the capitalism system, science was specialized but the proletariats wanted a unified system of knowledge that would tie it to life and labor. In advancing their agenda, Bogdanov advocated for universities that would educate the people about the new world and aspirations. The institution did not aim at educating the people on complex scientific issues but prepare new leaders who would embrace the proletarian utopia. Unfortunately, shortly after its establishment, the proletariat university in Moscow failed although it had began on a high note. The primary factor attributed to its failure was lack of cooperation between the leaders and student bodies who did not correspond to the proletarian concepts.

The proletariats believed that the family was a significant institution that influenced the social behavior of the society.  Before the proletarian utopia, the society believed that women had a strong influence on family structures and that allowing them to access education and employment would restructure families.  The proletariats believed that the new revolution would bring major changes to the family structures as the roles of men and women would change.  Instead of staying at home to look after the children as men went to work, the women would also go to work while the children would be raised communally.  There was no place for nuclear family because the proletariats believed in a united community and family bonds threatened this unity.  The socialist structure that existed at the time gave men superior jobs that paid better than the ones women could do. Although few women secured formal employment at the time, they were still assigned lighter and minor roles to play at the workplace. In the new proletarian world women would be treated equally as men and assigned similar roles as men.

The primary motivation of the proletarians was to transform the lives of people from the abusive and suffering experiences they had to a better world where equality and justice prevailed. The proletariats believed that a change in the social norms and behavior in the society could transform life to the proletarian utopia.  There was a need to change the mindset of the working class, because they were responsible in carrying out the economic activities needed to transform the society. The proletariats encouraged the people to form club that served as education grounds where the working class would be enlightened about the new world. In the beginning, the clubs performed well but the coordination of the clubs led to their collapse a few years later. The leaders could not agree on many aspects as they started questioning the reality of the proletarian utopia.

After the collapse of the clubs, there were individuals who still believed in the proletarians and they tried to restore the clubs unsuccessfully. The restoration did not work because most of the supports of the clubs lived far away from each other and the transport in the region at the time was very bad. In addition, the clubs lacked the funding that they received from the government initially and they had to rely on the member’s contributions.  The clubs were meant to change the daily lives of individuals by educating them on the proletarian beliefs. Although the leaders of the concepts had put effort in trying to transform Russia, the approaches they used led to failure of the system.  The society rose against the proletariats as they protested against various issues such as the existence of a society where employees controlled the industries. In the end, reality dawned on them that a perfect world could not exist regardless of their effort and ideas.